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The polymodal channel TRPV4 has been shown to regulate development and maintenance of cartilage. Here we investigate whether TRPV4 activity regulates the early deposition and structure of collagen matrix in the femoral head cartilage by comparing the 3D morphology and the sub-micrometer organization of the collagen matrix between wild type and Trpv4 mice pups four to five days old. Two-photon microscopy can be used to conduct label-free imaging of cartilage, as collagen generates a second harmonic signal (second harmonic generation [SHG]) under pulsed infrared excitation. In one set of measurements, we use circularly polarized laser light to reconstruct the 3D morphology of the femoral head cartilage and to measure the tissue thickness. Second, by rotating the direction of the linearly polarized light and using polarized SHG detection, we investigate the sub-micrometer orientation of collagen fibers in the cartilage. At this developmental stage, we cannot detect statistically significant differences between the two mice strains, although a tendency toward a more random orientation of collagen fibers and a higher thickness of the whole cartilage seems to characterize the Trpv4 mice. We discuss possible reasons for these observations. © 2019 The Authors. Cytometry Part A published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
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A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.
A fibrillar collagen found primarily in interstitial CARTILAGE. Collagen type XI is heterotrimer containing alpha1(XI), alpha2(XI) and alpha3(XI) subunits.
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
A fibrillar collagen found predominantly in CARTILAGE and vitreous humor. It consists of three identical alpha1(II) chains.
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.