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Demographic and clinical studies imply that female sex may be protective for PD, but pathophysiological evidence to support these observations is missing. In early PD, functional changes may be detected in primary motor cortex using transcranial magnetic stimulation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
The purpose of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) intervention on gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD).
There is evidence that both high and low frequency rTMS may have therapeutic effects on motor performance of Parkinson's disease.
Through transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) it is possible to change cortical excitability of the visual cortex, and to influence binocular balance. The main goal of our study is to assess the eff...
The objective of this study was to compare the effect on functional tremor of active versus sham repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and investigate whether the addition of hypnosis might hel...
To study the effect of Low Frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (LF rTMS) on brain metabolites in late stage Parkinson's disease (PD) patients (disease duration at least 4 years an...
To investigate the treatment effect of continuous transcranial magnetic stimulation on patients with Parkinson disease, and the underlying neural mechanism by functional MRI
In this study we wondered whether patients with different phenotypes of Parkinson's disease respond differently to the protocol of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) assoc...
The purpose of this research study is to attempt to treat apathy in Parkinson's disease (PD) using high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the brain and to in...
The purpose of this study is to determine if repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a method of noninvasive brain stimulation) is effective in the treatment of the motor (mov...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a non-invasive brain stimulation technique called transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on voice/speech treatment in people with Pa...
The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.
Measurable changes in activities in the CEREBRAL CORTEX upon a stimulation. A change in cortical excitability as measured by various techniques (e.g., TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION) is associated with brain disorders.
A technique of brain electric stimulation therapy which uses constant, low current delivered via ELECTRODES placed on various locations on the scalp.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...