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Patterns of Dysphagia and Airway Protection in Infants with 22q11.2-Deletion Syndrome.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Patterns of Dysphagia and Airway Protection in Infants with 22q11.2-Deletion Syndrome."

22q11.2-deletion syndrome is a genetic condition that affects 1:3000 births. In addition to cardiac anomalies and immunosuppression, individuals with 22q11.2-deletion syndrome can have feeding difficulties from birth resulting in failure to thrive and infections. This study aims to characterize the dysphagia seen in infants with 22q11.2-deletion syndrome.

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Name: The Laryngoscope
ISSN: 1531-4995
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Condition with a variable constellation of phenotypes due to deletion polymorphisms at chromosome location 22q11. It encompasses several syndromes with overlapping abnormalities including the DIGEORGE SYNDROME, VELOCARDIOFACIAL SYNDROME, and CONOTRUNCAL AMOMALY FACE SYNDROME. In addition, variable developmental problems and schizoid features are also associated with this syndrome. (From BMC Med Genet. 2009 Feb 25;10:16) Not all deletions at 22q11 result in the 22q11deletion syndrome.

A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

Congenital syndrome characterized by a spectrum of malformations including the absence of the THYMUS and PARATHYROID GLANDS resulting in T-cell immunodeficiency and HYPOCALCEMIA. Other features include defects in the outflow tract of the HEART and craniofacial anomalies (velocardiofacial syndrome). Most cases result from a deletion of chromosome 22q11.2 or mutation in the TBX1 gene.

Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.

A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.

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