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Effects of the Antifungal Agent Ciclopirox in HPV-Positive Cancer Cells: Repression of Viral E6/E7 Oncogene Expression and Induction of Senescence and Apoptosis.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of the Antifungal Agent Ciclopirox in HPV-Positive Cancer Cells: Repression of Viral E6/E7 Oncogene Expression and Induction of Senescence and Apoptosis."

The malignant growth of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cancer cells is dependent on the continuous expression of the viral E6/E7 oncogenes. Here, we examined the effects of iron deprivation on the phenotype of HPV-positive cervical cancer cells. We found that iron chelators, such as the topical antifungal agent ciclopirox (CPX), strongly repress HPV E6/E7 oncogene expression, both at the transcript and protein level. CPX efficiently blocks the proliferation of HPV-positive cancer cells by inducing cellular senescence. Although active mTOR signaling is considered to be critical for the cellular senescence response towards a variety of pro-senescent agents, CPX-induced senescence occurs under conditions of severely impaired mTOR signaling. Prolonged CPX treatment leads to p53-independent Caspase-3/7 activation and induction of apoptosis. CPX also eliminates HPV-positive cancer cells under hypoxic conditions through induction of apoptosis. Taken together, these results show that iron deprivation exerts profound anti-viral and anti-proliferative effects in HPV-positive cancer cells and suggest that iron chelators, such as CPX, possess therapeutic potential as HPV-inhibitory, pro-senescent and pro-apoptotic agents in both normoxic and hypoxic environments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of cancer
ISSN: 1097-0215
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