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Prenatal diagnosis of fetal heterotaxy syndrome by ultrasound: A case report.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prenatal diagnosis of fetal heterotaxy syndrome by ultrasound: A case report."

Heterotaxy syndrome are defined as the disorders that involve abnormal arrangement of viscera. We present a case of prenatally diagnosed heterotaxy syndrome with complex cardiac abnormality in a 29-year-old primigravida woman. In this case, the disturbance of fetal abdominal organs showed a midline liver, asplenia, a right-sided stomach and inferior vena cava on the left side of the spine, presenting the performance of right isomerism. The disturbance of fetal thoracic organs showed two lobar bronchi and four-lobed lungs with bilateral main bronchi, presenting the performance of left isomerism. Fetal cardiac malformations in this case include a stenotic left ventricle, complete atrioventricular septal defect, right aortic arch, pulmonary atresia and anomalous pulmonary venous connection. This type of fetal abdominal right isomerism and thoracic left isomerism with complex cardiac abnormality is rarely reported in prenatally detected cases of heterotaxy syndrome.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
ISSN: 1879-3479
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal thoracoabdominal VISCERA arrangement (visceral heterotaxy) or malformation that involves additional CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS (e.g., heart isomerism; DEXTROCARDIA) and/or abnormal SPLEEN (e.g., asplenia and polysplenia). Irregularities with the central nervous system, the skeleton and urinary tract are often associated with the syndrome.

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A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).

Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in two or more fetal compartments, such as SKIN; PLEURA; PERICARDIUM; PLACENTA; PERITONEUM; AMNIOTIC FLUID. General fetal EDEMA may be of non-immunologic origin, or of immunologic origin as in the case of ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS.

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