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Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) divides mitochondria as a mechano-chemical GTPase. However, the function of Drp1 beyond mitochondrial division is largely unknown. Multiple Drp1 isoforms are produced through mRNA splicing. One such isoform, Drp1, contains all four alternative exons and is specifically expressed in the brain. Here, we studied the function of Drp1 in mouse neurons in both culture and animal systems using isoform-specific knockdown by shRNA and isoform-specific knockout by CRISPR/Cas9. We found that the expression of Drp1 is induced during postnatal brain development. Drp1 is enriched in dendritic spines and regulates postsynaptic clathrin-mediated endocytosis by positioning the endocytic zone at the postsynaptic density, independently of mitochondrial division. Drp1 loss promotes the formation of ectopic dendrites in neurons and enhanced sensorimotor gating behavior in mice. These data reveal that Drp1 controls postsynaptic endocytosis, neuronal morphology and brain function.
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Endocytosis and endosomal trafficking play essential roles in diverse biological processes including responses to pathogen attack. It is well established that animal viruses enter host cells through r...
Dendritic inhibitory synapses are most efficient in modulating excitatory inputs localized on the same dendrite, but it is unknown whether their location is random or regulated. Here, we show that the...
Slowing the dendrite formation process is one way to alleviate the fast capacity fade and safety issues in lithium metal battery systems. We used tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (TEGDME) as a comp...
Under food deprivation conditions, Drosophila larvae exhibit increases in locomotor speed and synaptic bouton numbers at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). Octopamine, the invertebrate counterpart of nor...
Phosphorylation of Dynamin-related protein1 (Drp1) represents an important regulatory mechanism for mitochondrial fission. Here we established the role of Drp1 Serine 600 (S600) phosphorylation on mit...
Our preliminary data suggests that pharmacological inhibition of the mitochondrial fission protein, Drp1, reduced atherosclerotic plaque volume and attenuated macrophage accumulation withi...
Scientists are examining the genetic and environmental influences on appetite and weight gain. The main purpose of this study is to look at how genetic and environmental factors may influe...
This study will examine activation of a brain circuit that regulates emotion in depressed patients before and after treatment to see which areas of the brain are involved in chronic depres...
The epoetin is a glycoprotein and endogenous hormone, which is primarily synthesized by specific epithelial cells lining the kidney peritubular capillaries, and regulates continuous format...
This trial studies the mechanisms of metabolic and hormone action on plaque formation in brain and carotid vessels in participants with prostate adenocarcinoma. Studying the biomarkers in ...
Postsynaptic potentials generated from a release of neurotransmitters from a presynaptic nerve terminal in the absence of an ACTION POTENTIAL. They may be m.e.p.p.s (miniature EXCITATORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS) or m.i.p.p.s (miniature INHIBITORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS).
Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis.
Physiological integration of multiple SYNAPTIC POTENTIAL signals to reach the threshold and initiate postsynaptic ACTION POTENTIALS. In spatial summation stimulations from additional synaptic junctions are recruited to generate s response. In temporal summation succeeding stimuli signals are summed up to reach the threshold. The postsynaptic potentials can be either excitatory or inhibitory (EPSP or IPSP).
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.
A Poly(A) RNA-binding protein that negatively regulates EGFR ENDOCYTOSIS. An increased risk for developing AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 13 is observed in patients who have more than 23 CAG repeats in the ATXN2 gene coding sequence. Larger CAG expansions in the ATXN2 gene occur in SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 2 patients.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...