Seasonal characterisation of municipal solid waste from Astana city, Kazakhstan: Composition and thermal properties of combustible fraction.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Seasonal characterisation of municipal solid waste from Astana city, Kazakhstan: Composition and thermal properties of combustible fraction."

This study presents the results of a seasonal municipal solid waste composition campaign, that took place over the period of September 2017 to June 2018 in the capital city of Kazakhstan, Astana. Four sampling campaigns were conducted in order to identify the seasonal variation of municipal solid waste composition, recyclables and energy potential materials, such as combustible fraction, useful for the evaluation of waste-to-energy potential. The combustible fraction was analysed for thermal fuel properties, such as proximate and elemental analyses and gross calorific value. The results over the four different seasons showed that the average recyclable fraction of municipal solid waste on a wet basis of 33.3 wt.% and combustibles fraction was 8.3 wt.%. The largest fraction was the organics (47.2 wt.%), followed by plastic (15.4 wt.%) and paper (12.5 wt.%). Small seasonal variations were observed for organics, paper, plastic and glass fractions. The highest values were found in summer for the organic waste, in spring for paper and plastic and autumn for glass. The recyclables fraction showed an absolute seasonal variation of 5.7% with a peak in the winter season (35.4%) and the combustibles fraction showed a seasonal variation between 8.3 wt.% to 9.4 wt.%. Finally, the average calorific value of the combustible fraction was estimated to be 21.6 MJ kg on a dry basis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Waste management & research : the journal of the International Solid Wastes and Public Cleansing Association, ISWA
ISSN: 1096-3669
Pages: 734242X19875503


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [5917 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Review of leaching behavior of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ash.

Incineration is widely adopted in modern waste management because it provides an effective way to minimize municipal solid waste that needs to be disposed of in landfills. The ash residue is often dis...

Work-related stress levels and musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste collectors in Ankara.

Industrialization and rising standards of living have contributed to a growing amount of solid waste and consequent disposal problems. Solid waste collection is among the occupations with the highest ...

Promoting circular economy in the surroundings of an organic fraction of municipal solid waste anaerobic digestion treatment plant: Biogas production impact and economic factors.

The Anaerobic Digestion and Composting Plant of the Vallès Oriental Waste Treatment Centre processes source-selected organic fraction of municipal solid wastes generated in its surrounding area. To p...

A combined two-stage process of pyrolysis and catalytic cracking of municipal solid waste for the production of syngas and solid refuse-derived fuels.

Pyrolysis combined to either thermal cracking or catalytic cracking of municipal solid waste was performed in a laboratory-scale facility consisting of a fixed-bed reactor followed by a tubular cracki...

Sorptive removal of toluene and m-xylene by municipal solid waste biochar: Simultaneous municipal solid waste management and remediation of volatile organic compounds.

The remediation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from aqueous solution using Municipal solid waste biochar (MSW-BC) has been evaluated. Municipal solid waste was pyrolyzed in an onsite pyrolyzer a...

Clinical Trials [3993 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Phase IV Clinical Trial of an Influenza Split Vaccine Anflu

To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the three consecutive lots of an seasonal split influenza vaccine Anflu in adults, a randomized, double-blind and controlled clinical trial was...

Evaluating Household Food Behavior With a Smartphone App

The purpose of this study is to test the use of a smartphone app as a way to measure food waste. Investigators propose to improve the accuracy and convenience of household food waste ...

Prospective System Analysis of the Seasonal Influenza Virus Transmissions and Evolution in the City of Basel Basel

The project aims to use epidemiological tools to understand the transmission and evolution of influenza viruses at an individual and population level within a small-scale city (Basel) thro...

Smoking Cessation: Financial Incentives

The aim of this intervention is to test if the investigator, by offering a financial incentive to smokers who abstinence from smoking, can: 1. recruit more smokers with low socioeconomi...

Prevention of Seasonal Affective Disorder

A Placebo Controlled Study Evaluating The Effectivess Of Medication In Preventing Seasonal Affective Disorder

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Hospitals controlled by the city government.

Garbage, refuse, or sludge, or other discarded materials from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, and air pollution control facility that include solid, semi-solid, or contained material. It does not include materials dissolved in domestic sewage, irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges.

Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.

Liquid, solid, or gaseous waste resulting from mining of radioactive ore, production of reactor fuel materials, reactor operation, processing of irradiated reactor fuels, and related operations, and from use of radioactive materials in research, industry, and medicine. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

A process of waste disposal involving the conversion of green waste (i.e. leaves, organic matter, food waste, manure) into soil-enhancing matter.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article