Topics

Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: findings from the ELANS study.

08:00 EDT 11th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Socio-demographic patterning of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviours in eight Latin American countries: findings from the ELANS study."

Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB) are two independent risk factors for non-communicable diseases. However, there is a lack of objectively measured information on PA and SB in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to use objective data to characterise socio-demographic patterns of PA and SB in eight Latin American countries. 2,732 participants (aged 15-65 years) from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS) were included. PA and SB data were collected using accelerometers. Overall and country-specific average levels of time spent in PA and SB were compared by sex, age, socioeconomic and education level. Overall, the mean time spent in SB was 571.6 min/day, ranging from 553.8 min/day in Chile to 596.7 min/day in Peru. Average levels of light, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total PA were 311.1 min/day (95%
CI:
307.7; 314.5), 34.9 min/day (95%
CI:
34.0; 35.9) and 7531.2 MET-min/week (95%
CI:
7450.4; 7611.9), respectively. MVPA and total PA were higher in men than women. The prevalence of physical inactivity was 40.6%, ranging from 26.9% (Chile) to 47% (Costa Rica and Venezuela). Women were more physically inactive than men (47.7% versus 33.0%). SB levels were highest among those with higher education; PA graded positively with socioeconomic level. Our findings can inform the planning of health policies and programmes designed to reduce levels of physical inactivity, as well as inform the local and cultural adaptation of these policies and programmes for implementation in Latin America. Worldwide studies of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB) have historically under-represented Latin American countries due to the lack of surveillance data. Across eight Latin American countries, the ELANS study collected data on PA and SB using an objective method (accelerometers) which we have analyzed to quantify and characterize socio-demographic patterns. Over four-in-ten participants were physically inactive (40.6%); with a gender gap (47.7% women; 33.0% men); and striking differences between countries (47% Costa Rica and Venezuela; 26.9% Chile). In all countries, levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were lowest, and levels of SB were highest, among participants in the higher education groups. Our findings on the unequal distribution of PA and SB increases the evidence base and can help to inform future intervention strategies in Latin America.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of sport science
ISSN: 1536-7290
Pages: 1-26

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [20392 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Differences in the Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, and BMI of Finnish Grade 5 Students.

This study examined the distribution of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time of fifth-grade students during school, leisure time, and physical education (PE) classes. Demogra...

Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior at the End of the Human Lifespan.

This study aims to objectively assess physical activity (PA) levels and sedentary behavior (SB) in a cohort of Spanish centenarians and their nonagenarian peers. PA and SB patterns were objectively me...

High sedentary behaviour and low physical activity levels at 12 months after cardiac rehabilitation: a prospective cohort study.

International cardiac rehabilitation guidelines recommend that participants meet public health physical activity guidelines. Few studies have objectively measured how much time cardiac rehabilitation ...

Objectively measured sedentary time before and after transition to retirement:The Finnish Retirement and Aging Study (FIREA).

Retirement is associated with an increase in self-reported daily sedentary time, but no longitudinal evidence exists on how objectively measured sedentary time changes during retirement transition. Th...

Objectively-measured sedentary time, habitual physical activity and bone strength in adults aged 62 years: the Newcastle Thousand Families Study.

The influence of sedentary time and habitual physical activity on the bone health of middle aged adults is not well known.

Clinical Trials [10106 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Sedentary Behavior in African Americans

The study is designed to develop methods for objectively measuring sedentary behavior, assess the association between objectively measured sedentary behavior and cardiovascular disease out...

Activity Behaviours in Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion

The purpose of this research is to objectively assess activity behaviours (i.e., physical activity and sedentary behaviour) in patients with malignant pleural effusion. First, we aim to de...

Objective Assessment of Physical Activity in Before-school Physical Activity Programs

This study will determine the effectiveness of a free before-school physical activity program, BOKS (Build Our Kids' Success), in increasing objectively measured physical activity levels a...

Sedentary Behaviour and Subjective Well-being

This study will investigate the relationship between sedentary behaviour and subjective well-being among a sample of university students. Eligible participants will fill out an online surv...

An mHealth Mobile Application Supporting Maintenance of Physical Activity Among Men and Women With High Blood Pressure

The aim of this research is to evaluate the efficacy of contextually tailored activity suggestions and activity planning for increasing physical activity among sedentary adults.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.

Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.

The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.

Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

Expenditure of energy during physical activities. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Article