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A methodological obstacle for the assessment of psychotherapy process concerns the compatibility between nomothetic versus idiographic approaches. Using quantitative methodology at an idiographic level, we seek to narrow this gap for the special case of nonverbal synchrony in psychotherapy dyads. Using quantitative idiographic process analysis (QUIPA), we combined the assessments of nonverbal synchrony-the coordination of patient's and therapist's body-movement-quantified with motion energy analysis (MEA), patient- and therapist session-reports, and patient's self-reports of symptomatology into multivariate time-series of psychotherapy process across the course of = 12 dyadic psychotherapies with a total of = 150 sessions. Adopting both mixed models as well as vector auto regressive models (VAR) to time-series, we aimed to extend previous results assessed in a randomized sample by exploring the evolution of nonverbal synchrony in psychotherapy dyads across time. Aggregated idiographic data revealed that nonverbal synchrony was different from findings based on a previously reported nomothetic account: Associations with session-level outcome were weaker and did not replicate cross-sectional analyses. The application of idiographic assessments may help broadening our conception of synchrony in psychotherapy and also reminds us that ergodicity is not necessarily the usual case, but one of many possibilities.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychotherapy research : journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
The interdisciplinary science that studies evolutionary biology, including the origin and evolution of the major elements required for life, their processing in the interstellar medium and in protostellar systems. This field also includes the study of chemical evolution and the subsequent interactions between evolving biota and planetary evolution as well as the field of biology that deals with the study of extraterrestrial life.
The use of more than one therapist at one time in individual or group psychotherapy.
Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.
Evolution at the molecular level of DNA sequences and proteins. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)