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Integrin α11β1 is expressed in breast cancer stroma and associates with aggressive tumor phenotypes.

08:00 EDT 12th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Integrin α11β1 is expressed in breast cancer stroma and associates with aggressive tumor phenotypes."

Cancer-associated fibroblasts are essential modifiers of the tumor microenvironment. The collagen-binding integrin α11β1 has been proposed to be upregulated in a pro-tumorigenic subtype of cancer-associated fibroblasts. Here, we analyzed the expression and clinical relevance of integrin α11β1 in a large breast cancer series using a novel antibody against the human integrin α11 chain. Several novel monoclonal antibodies against the integrin α11 subunit were tested for use on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, and Ab 210F4B6A4 was eventually selected to investigate the immunohistochemical expression in 392 breast cancers using whole sections. mRNA data from METABRIC and co-expression patterns of integrin α11 in relation to αSMA and cytokeratin-14 were also investigated. Integrin α11 was expressed to varying degrees in spindle-shaped cells in the stroma of 99% of invasive breast carcinomas. Integrin α11 co-localized with αSMA in stromal cells, and with αSMA and cytokeratin-14 in breast myoepithelium. High stromal integrin α11 expression (66% of cases) was associated with aggressive breast cancer features such as high histologic grade, increased tumor cell proliferation, ER negativity, HER2 positivity and triple-negative phenotype, but was not associated with breast cancer specific survival at protein or mRNA levels. In conclusion, high stromal integrin α11 expression was associated with aggressive breast cancer phenotypes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of pathology. Clinical research
ISSN: 2056-4538
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An integrin alpha subunit that primarily associates with INTEGRIN BETA1 or INTEGRIN BETA4 to form laminin-binding heterodimers. Integrin alpha6 has two alternatively spliced isoforms: integrin alpha6A and integrin alpha6B, which differ in their cytoplasmic domains and are regulated in a tissue-specific and developmental stage-specific manner.

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Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

An integrin alpha subunit that occurs as alternatively spliced isoforms. The isoforms are differentially expressed in specific cell types and at specific developmental stages. Integrin alpha3 combines with INTEGRIN BETA1 to form INTEGRIN ALPHA3BETA1 which is a heterodimer found primarily in epithelial cells.

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