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The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary earlier discharge model for neonates receiving home enteral nutrition (HEN).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition
Critically-ill surgical patients are at higher risk for sarcopenia, which is associated with worse survival. Sarcopenia may impair the respiratory musculature, which can subsequently influence the out...
Purpose The purpose of this clinical focus article is to describe the frequency, indications, and outcomes of fenestrated tracheostomy tube use in a large academic institution. Method A retrospective ...
This study aims to construct a neural network to predict weaning difficulty among planned extubation patients in intensive care units.This observational cohort study was conducted in eight adult ICUs ...
There have been few published studies of clinical and psychological characteristics of patients with functional diarrhea (FDr). We studied the clinical and psychological characteristics of patients wi...
Clinical predictive tools quantify contributions of relevant patient characteristics to derive likelihood of diseases or predict clinical outcomes. When selecting predictive tools for implementation a...
Brian injured patients are predisposed to various complications related to mechanical ventilation. Appropriate decision making of the weaning is crucial and validated predictive parameters...
In the mechanically ventilated patient, the single greatest cause of imposed work of breathing is the resistance caused by the endotracheal tube. Commonly used maneuvers to overcome this r...
Ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction appears to contribute to slow weaning from mechanical ventilation. Several trials of inspiratory muscle training to facilitate weaning in inten...
Based on nutritional support, Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and Levosimendan Bundle measures, and making beside checklist of patients with difficult ventilator weaning; Implementation of ...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of a computer-assisted ventilator weaning system (Drager Smartcare) to our current standard of care in the medical intensive care unit.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
A hematopoietic growth factor which promotes proliferation and maturation of neutrophil granulocytes. Clinically it is effective in decreasing the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive therapy or in reducing the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae in patients with non-myeloid malignancies undergoing myeloblastive chemotherapy followed by BMT. It has also been used in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis being treated with GANCICLOVIR. (Gelman CR, Rumack BH & Hess AJ (eds): DRUGDEX(R) System. MICROMEDEX, Inc., Englewood, Colorado (Edition expires 11/30/95))
Congenital malformations of the central nervous system and adjacent structures related to defective neural tube closure during the first trimester of pregnancy generally occurring between days 18-29 of gestation. Ectodermal and mesodermal malformations (mainly involving the skull and vertebrae) may occur as a result of defects of neural tube closure. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, pp31-41)
A selective serotonin receptor antagonist with weak adrenergic receptor blocking properties. The drug is effective in lowering blood pressure in essential hypertension. It also inhibits platelet aggregation. It is well tolerated and is particularly effective in older patients.
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