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The purpose of the present research was to examine how self-determined and non-self-determined motivation for eating was related to healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors at different stages of change. In Study 1 (n = 360), the structure of a new scale designed to measure healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors based on recent recommendations of the Canadian Food Guide was examined through Principal Component Analysis. Study 2 (n = 711) retested the structure of the scale and also examined whether women reported different patterns of motivation and eating behaviors depending on their stage of change for eating regulation. In Study 3 (n = 264), moderated mediation models were used to examine if eating behaviors served to mediate the relationship between motivation and waist circumference, and whether stages of change moderated the link from motivation to eating behaviors. Overall, the studies provided evidence for the 2-factor structure of the scale, where the first factor represents healthy eating and the second factor represents unhealthy eating behaviors. It was also demonstrated that as women moved along the stages of change for eating regulation, they reported higher levels of self-determined motivation and lower levels of non-self-determined motivation, as well as a higher consumption of healthy foods and a lower consumption of unhealthy foods. Finally, findings indicated that healthy eating fully mediated the relationship between self-determined motivation and waist circumference, and that the relationship between self-determined motivation and healthy eating was moderated by stages of change. Together, these studies highlight the interactive roles of motivation and stages of change in their association with healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors, as well as the importance of healthy eating for a lower waist circumference.
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A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A pattern of behavior involving LIFE STYLE choices which ensure optimum health. Examples are eating right; maintaining physical, emotional, and spiritual wellness, and taking preemptive steps against communicable diseases.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Instrument designed to assess human or animal behavior, using a standardized format.
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