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Immunochromatographic test for detection of fecal occult blood.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Immunochromatographic test for detection of fecal occult blood."

The developing and evaluating results of the diagnostic characteristics of an immunochromatographic test for the detection of fecal occult blood (hemoglobin) were presents in the article. The test was approved samples without hemoglobin and model samples containing of standardized preparation of hemoglobin in various concentrations. The developed test system identified hemoglobin in concentrations higher 5 μg / g feces in 97.6% cases, the specificity of the analysis was 100%. The immunochromatographic FOB-test can be used for rapid analysis in the primary screening of colorectal cancer.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika
ISSN: 0869-2084
Pages: 536-540

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.

Hemagglutination test in which Coombs' reagent (antiglobulin, or anti-human globulin rabbit immune serum) is added to detect incomplete (non-agglutinating, univalent, blocking) antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in hemolytic disease of newborn, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and transfusion reactions). The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibody (e.g., in detection of incompatibility in cross-matching tests, detection and identification of irregular antibodies, and in detection of antibodies not identifiable by other means).

Sensitive method for detection of bacterial endotoxins and endotoxin-like substances that depends on the in vitro gelation of Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL), prepared from the circulating blood (amebocytes) of the horseshoe crab, by the endotoxin or related compound. Used for detection of endotoxin in body fluids and parenteral pharmaceuticals.

Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

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