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Subject-specific EEG channel selection using non-negative matrix factorization for lower-limb motor imagery recognition.

08:00 EDT 15th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Subject-specific EEG channel selection using non-negative matrix factorization for lower-limb motor imagery recognition."

Objective- This study aims to propose and validate a subject-specific approach to recognize two different cognitive neural states (relax and pedaling motor imagery (MI)) by selecting the relevant electroencephalogram (EEG) channels. The main aims of the proposed work are: (i) to reduce the computational complexity of the BCI systems during MI detection by selecting the relevant EEG channels, (ii) to reduce the amount of data overfitting that may arise due to unnecessary channels and redundant features, and (iii) to reduce the classification time for real-time BCI applications. Approach- The proposed method selects subject-specific EEG channels and features based on their MI. In this work, we make use of Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) to extract the weight of the EEG channels based on their contribution to MI detection. Further, the neighborhood component analysis is used for subject-specific feature selection. Main results- We executed the experiments using EEG signals recorded for MI where 10 healthy subjects performed MI movement of the lower limb to generate motor commands. An average accuracy of 96.66%, average true positive rate of 97.77%, average false positives rate of 4.44%, and average Kappa of 93.33% were obtained. The proposed subject-specific EEG channel selection based MI recognition system provides 13.20% improvement in detection accuracy, and 27% improvement in Kappa value with less number of EEG channels compared to the results obtained using all EEG channels. Significance- The proposed subject-specific BCI system has been found significantly advantageous compared to the typical approach of using a fixed channel configuration. This work shows that less EEG channels not only reduce computational complexity and processing time (2 times faster) but also improves the MI detection performance. The proposed method selects EEG locations related to the foot movement, which may be relevant for neuro-rehabilitation using lower-limb movements that may provide a real-time and more natural interface between patient and robotic device.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of neural engineering
ISSN: 1741-2552
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