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Quercetin depletes intracellular Ca stores and blunts ATP-triggered Ca signaling in bEND.3 endothelial cells.

08:00 EDT 16th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Quercetin depletes intracellular Ca stores and blunts ATP-triggered Ca signaling in bEND.3 endothelial cells."

Quercetin is a flavonol polyphenol widely found in many vegetables, grains and fruits. Quercetin has been shown to inhibit proliferation and invasion of various glioma cells, and is regarded as a potential anticancer agent against glioma. However, whether and how this drug could affect brain blood vessels and endothelial cells are less understood. Further, there is hitherto no report on how quercetin affects brain endothelial cell (EC) Ca homeostasis. In this report we investigated the effects of quercetin on Ca homeostasis in mouse brain bEND.3 EC. We demonstrated that quercetin raised cytosolic Ca level in a concentration-dependent manner. Quercetin-triggered Ca signal composed of both internal Ca release and extracellular Ca influx. Quercetin caused Ca release from the endoplasmic reticulum, and consistently, inhibition of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) by xestospongin C (XeC) suppressed quercetin-triggered Ca release. Quercetin also caused Ca release from lysosomes, an observation in concordance with the inhibition of quercetin-triggered Ca release by trans-Ned-19, a blocker of two-pore channels (TPC). As quercetin depleted intracellular Ca storage, it suppressed ATP-induced Ca release and thereby blunted ATP-triggered Ca signaling. In addition, quercetin co-treatment significantly suppressed ATP-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) release. Our work therefore showed, for the first time, quercetin perturbed intracellular Ca stores and strongly suppressed ATP-triggered response in bEND.3 cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Fundamental & clinical pharmacology
ISSN: 1472-8206
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