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Disturbances in sleep and circadian rhythms may be important, albeit underappreciated, risk factors for the initiation of alcohol use and the escalation of alcohol problems. In this review, we first describe sleep and circadian changes during adolescence and young adulthood. Second, we explain how these sleep/circadian changes intersect with onset and escalation of alcohol use. Third, we briefly note how alcohol use (whether acute or chronic) affects sleep and circadian rhythms. Finally, we articulate a conceptual model containing two mechanistic pathways-broadly positive and negative reinforcement-linking sleep/circadian factors to alcohol involvement before listing key areas we believe are ripe for further inquiry.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in psychology
Research suggests bidirectional associations between symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbance, both of which have been associated with alcohol problems. However, few stud...
Inadequate sleep duration and quality increase the risk of obesity. Sleep timing, while less studied, is important in adolescents because increasing evening preferences (chronotypes), early school sta...
The current study sought to characterize the sleep problems of soldiers entering Basic Combat Training and to identify the link between sleep problems and subsequent performance, psychological distres...
Poor sleep is one of the greatest health problems with social significance whose prevalence started early in adolescence. The relationship between poor sleep quality and the use of alcohol and illicit...
In children with autism spectrum disorder, there have been equivocal results regarding primary caregiver education level and its influence on sleep. Thus, we assessed if lower primary caregiver educat...
Adolescence associates with alterations in sleep-wake organization, such as later circadian phase preference. Simultaneously external pressures, such as evening-driven social activities in...
This study evaluates the quality of sleep of patients admitted to medical and intensive care units. All of them will have a clock placed to measure their circadian activity. Also, data wil...
A double blind Randomized Controlled Trial with two arms will be used. Subjects with Alcohol use disorder and sleep problems will be recruited and assigned randomly to the active treatment...
This study aims to identify risk factors that prospectively predict alcohol problems in young adults.
The goal is to collect pilot data on an adapted version of the Transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian intervention (TranS-C), referred to as 'Fitted TranS-C'. We seek to determine if Fitted T...
Abnormal sleep-wake schedule or pattern associated with the CIRCADIAN RHYTHM which affect the length, timing, and/or rigidity of the sleep-wake cycle relative to the day-night cycle.
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
Habits and practices conducive to getting the right amount and quality of sleep, and include responding to environmental factors that may influence one's sleep.
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A nonapeptide that is found in neurons, peripheral organs, and plasma. This neuropeptide induces mainly delta sleep in mammals. In addition to sleep, the peptide has been observed to affect electrophysiological activity, neurotransmitter levels in the brain, circadian and locomotor patterns, hormonal levels, psychological performance, and the activity of neuropharmacological drugs including their withdrawal.
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...