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Four new dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans, named heilaohusus A-D (1-4), one new arylnaphthalene lignan named heilaohusu E (5), and seven known analogues (6-12) were isolated from the roots of Kadsura coccinea. Their structures and configurations were elucidated by a combination of HR-ESI-MS, H NMR, C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY and CD spectra. Among the known compounds, compounds 6 and 8-12 were isolated from this plant for the first time. All of compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity activities, compounds 3, 6 and 7 showed weak cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines (HepG-2, HCT-116, BGC-823 and Hela) with IC values range from 13.04 to 21.93 μM. Compounds 1 and 7 demonstrated potential anti-RA (rheumatoid arthritis) activity against RA-FLS cell line with IC values of 14.57 and 11.70 μM, respectively.
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Seventeen lignans (1-17) were obtained from the roots of Isatis indigotica (I. indigotica). Among them, isatindigosesquilignans A-C (1-3) were deduced as three undescribed sesquilignans, which possess...
In the present work, we reported the triterpenoids isolated from n-butanol fraction of Kadsura heteroclita which is a Tujia ethnomedicine with trivial name "Xuetong". This effort resulted in the isola...
Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (S. chinensis), a functional food, is used as a tonic and sedative agent in traditional Chinese medicine. Modern pharmacological research has proved that S. chinens...
(-)-Podophyllotoxin is one of the most potent microtubule depolymerizing agents and has served as an important lead compound in antineoplastic drug discovery. Here, we report a short chemoenzymatic to...
Smut infection alters the transcription of dirigent proteins (DIR) by sugarcane plants. Here, we show that these alterations are associated to an elevated production of cytotoxic lignans. Smut-resista...
The purpose of the study is to improving the lipid profile and glucose control in type 2 diabetic patients with supplementation of flax lignans. We hypothesize that flax lignans supplement...
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of gut microbial metabolism of flaxseed lignans on cardiovascular health. Enterolactone is the main gut microbial metabolite of lignans....
The aim of this study is to compare the effects of flaxseed on atherogenic lipids, plasma inflammatory markers, and insulin sensitivity. We hypothesize that flaxseed omega-3 fatty acids w...
A cross-sectional study to estimate Variations in the Number of Roots and the Root Canal System of the Permanent Mandibular First and Second Molars in a Sample of Egyptian Population using...
Prevalence estimates show that prostatitis is one of the most common urological conditions and that symptoms range considerably among men of various socioeconomic status, race, and age. Fo...
A plant genus of the family SCHISANDRACEAE. Members contain schisandrins (Russian) which are also called gomisins (Japanese) or wuweizins (Chinese). The compounds in this genus are very similar to those in the related KADSURA and medicinal usage is very similar. It is sometimes adulterated with KADSURA.
A lignan (LIGNANS) found in PODOPHYLLIN resin from the roots of PODOPHYLLUM plants. It is a potent spindle poison, toxic if taken internally, and has been used as a cathartic. It is very irritating to skin and mucous membranes, has keratolytic actions, has been used to treat warts and keratoses, and may have antineoplastic properties, as do some of its congeners and derivatives.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
A plant genus of the family SCHISANDRACEAE that is used in folk medicine much like SCHISANDRA. Members contain kadsurenone and kadsurin.
The paired bundles of nerve fibers entering and leaving the spinal cord at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and autonomic preganglionic neurons. There are, however, some exceptions to this afferent/efferent rule.
Multiple Sclerosis MS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting 100,000 young adults in the UK. The condition results from autoimmune damage to myelin, causing interference in nerve signaling. Symptoms experienced depend on the pa...
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