Topics

Circular RNAs: pivotal molecular regulators and novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer.

08:00 EDT 19th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Circular RNAs: pivotal molecular regulators and novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer."

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a large class of non-coding RNAs with covalently closed-loop structures, are abundant, stable, conserved, and have tissue and developmental-stage specificities. The biological functions of circRNAs are varied. Moreover, circRNAs participate in various pathological processes, especially in multiple cancers. Lung cancer is the most frequent malignant tumor worldwide. Many studies have suggested that circRNAs are pivotal in non-small cell lung cancer. This article aims to provide a retrospective review of the latest research on the functions of circRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer. In particular, we focus our discussion on the role of circRNAs in cell-cycle regulation and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and also discuss the known regulatory molecular mechanisms of circRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
ISSN: 1432-1335
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16246 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Circular RNAs and their Emerging Roles as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers in Ovarian Cancer.

Ovarian cancer (OC), one of the gynecologic malignancies with high invasive and metastatic potential, has a low survival rate in females. Although cytoreductive surgery combined with chemotherapy is t...

Noncoding RNAs in Atrial Fibrillation: Current Status and Prospect.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current therapies for AF are ineffective, mainly due to incomplete understanding of the pathogenesis of AF. At...

Circular RNAs as Diagnostic Biomarkers for Osteoarthritis.

Circular RNAs in drug resistant tumors.

Chemotherapy is an effective method to treat patients with advanced malignant tumors. However, tumor cells can develop resistance to multiple drugs during the therapy process, leading to treatment fai...

Circular RNAs and gastrointestinal cancers: Epigenetic regulators with a prognostic and therapeutic role.

Both environmental and genetic factors are involved in the initiation and development of gastrointestinal cancer. Covalent closed circular RNAs (circRNAs) are produced by a mechanism called "back-spli...

Clinical Trials [6059 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

ncRNAs in Exosomes of Cholangiocarcinoma

Exosomes are part of extracellular vesicles(EVs), and can be secreted into the environment by many types of cells. It has been demonstrated that the content and function of exosomes depend...

THREE-row Circular STAPLER in Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer

This trial aims to assess safety and efficacy of three-row circular staplers compared to two-row surgical stapllers in short-term and long-term perspective in patients with rectal cancer u...

Molecular Diagnostic Methods for Detection of Plasmodium Knowlesi

This study aims to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and practical value of two new molecular diagnostic assays compared to a more classical nested molecular diagnostic assay and the...

Microarray Prediction of Response to Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, or Combined Therapy in Subjects With Previously Untreated, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Melanoma

This trial will utilize a Molecular MicroscopeTM diagnostic system (MMDxTM) that combines the molecular and histopathological features of biopsies, plus clinical and laboratory parameters,...

Comparison of MRI and Molecular Breast Imaging in Breast Diagnostic Evaluation

The purpose of this study is to determine the sensitivity of Molecular Breast Imaging (MBI) relative to MRI of the breast in patients undergoing MRI for a clinical concern, or abnormal dia...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.

RNA molecules which hybridize to complementary sequences in either RNA or DNA altering the function of the latter. Endogenous antisense RNAs function as regulators of gene expression by a variety of mechanisms. Synthetic antisense RNAs are used to effect the functioning of specific genes for investigative or therapeutic purposes.

The field of medicine concerned with understanding the biochemical basis of health and disease and involved in developing diagnostic and therapeutic methods that utilize MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques.

A type of junction that attaches one cell to its neighbor. One of a number of differentiated regions which occur, for example, where the cytoplasmic membranes of adjacent epithelial cells are closely apposed. It consists of a circular region of each membrane together with associated intracellular microfilaments and an intercellular material which may include, for example, mucopolysaccharides. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)

The removal of a circular disk of the cranium. It is performed with a trephine, a small circular saw with a center pin mounted on a hollow metal shaft to which is attached a transverse handle. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Gilotrif (afatinib)
GILOTRIF (afatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L8...

Biological Therapy
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...

Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...


Searches Linking to this Article