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The association of secondhand smoke exposure and dental caries in children and adolescents: a literature review.

07:03 LMT 1st January 0000 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The association of secondhand smoke exposure and dental caries in children and adolescents: a literature review."

Secondhand smoke (SHS) is an important public health concern, especially for children. SHS not only affects the physiology of children who are exposed to it but also has adverse effects on their general and oral health. This review highlights how the exposure of children to SHS is linked to dental caries and examines the factors that foster the association. Research shows that there is an independent association between SHS exposure and dental caries, especially in primary teeth. However, the association between SHS exposure and dental caries in permanent teeth must be explored further through well-designed studies because statistically significant evidence is lacking.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: General dentistry
ISSN: 0363-6771
Pages: 20-24

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).

Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.

The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.

Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.

A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.

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