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Cytosolic phospholipase A2 is a key regulator of blood-brain barrier function in epilepsy.

08:00 EDT 29th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cytosolic phospholipase A2 is a key regulator of blood-brain barrier function in epilepsy."

Blood-brain barrier dysfunction in epilepsy contributes to seizures and resistance to antiseizure drugs. Reports show that seizures increase brain glutamate levels, leading to barrier dysfunction. One component of barrier dysfunction is overexpression of the drug efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Based on our previous studies, we hypothesized that glutamate released during seizures activates cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), resulting in P-gp and BCRP overexpression. We exposed isolated rat brain capillaries to glutamate and used an - approach of isolating brain capillaries from rats after status epilepticus (SE) and in chronic epileptic (CE) rats. Glutamate increased cPLA2, P-gp, and BCRP protein and activity levels in isolated brain capillaries. We confirmed the role of cPLA2 in the signaling pathway in brain capillaries from male and female mice lacking cPLA2. We also demonstrated, , that cPLA2 inhibition prevents overexpression of P-gp and BCRP at the blood-brain barrier in rats after status epilepticus and in CE rats. Our data support the hypothesis that glutamate signals cPLA2 activation, resulting in overexpression of blood-brain barrier P-gp and BCRP.-Hartz, A. M. S., Rempe, R. G., Soldner, E. L. B., Pekcec, A., Schlichtiger, J., Kryscio, R., Bauer, B. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 is a key regulator of blood-brain barrier function in epilepsy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
ISSN: 1530-6860
Pages: fj201901369RR

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