Topics

Analysis, occurrence and removal of pharmaceuticals in African water resources: A current status.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Analysis, occurrence and removal of pharmaceuticals in African water resources: A current status."

Pharmaceuticals are organic compounds used in medicines for alleviation of pain. Since 2017, there has been a steady increase on the availability of information on contamination of water resources caused by pharmaceuticals in some African countries. Thus far, most environmental monitoring studies of pharmaceuticals are conducted in South Africa while there is still no available data in majority of the African countries. Therefore, the knowledge on the presence of pharmaceuticals in African water resources is still lacking. In an attempt to provide more information in this aspect, this review article seeks to critically evaluate the progress made thus far by the African scientists in the environmental monitoring and assessment of pharmaceuticals. The most studied groups of pharmaceuticals in Africa are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, antiretroviral drugs and steroid hormones. Various remediation studies for selected pharmaceuticals in Africa are documented in literature. In the present review, the challenges facing the African researchers or countries on providing more scientific data on the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in water are discussed. Furthermore, the gaps and recommendations for future work are given.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of environmental management
ISSN: 1095-8630
Pages: 109741

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [33593 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in raw, finished, and drinking water from seven large river basins in China.

The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the drinking water is a growing concern in China. In this study, we determined the concentration and distribution of 59 selected pharmaceuticals in raw, finished, ...

Occurrence and treatment of contaminants of emerging concern in the African aquatic environment: Literature review and a look ahead.

Awareness about the rising detection and reported (eco)toxicological effects of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs, e.g. pharmaceuticals and personal care products - PPCPs - and modern pesticides)...

Occurrence, removal and seasonal variation of pharmaceuticals in Brasilian drinking water treatment plants.

The presence of pharmaceuticals in aquatic environments has become a major issue of concern for scientific community, since there is a lack of information about risks and impacts to the environment an...

Occurrence and ranking of pharmaceuticals in the major rivers of China.

Residual pharmaceuticals have received widespread attention worldwide due to their continuous release and potential hazard to the environment. As a result of rapid development and a large population, ...

Nootropic drugs: Methylphenidate, modafinil and piracetam - Population use trends, occurrence in the environment, ecotoxicity and removal methods - A review.

Pharmaceuticals which originally were designed to treat people with neurological and psychiatric conditions, e.g. Alzheimer's disease or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), are nowadays o...

Clinical Trials [9562 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Removal of Dermal Exposure to Phthalate Ester by Hand Washing

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness in removing chemical exposure on hand, we compare removal efficiency of Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) on hands by hand washing wit...

Effects of Ozonated Water on Pain, Swelling, Trismus and Quality of Life in Third Molar Surgery

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ozonated water on pain, edema and trismus after third molar removal. Patients were submitted to extraction of lower third molar under ir...

INDIGO-2: The Effect of High Water Intake on Glucose Regulation in Low-drinkers

Previous studies have indicated increased vasopressin due to hypertonic saline infusion impairs glucose regulation. The current study will examine the effect of low water intake on glucose...

Evaluating the Link Between Neighborhood Environments and Obesity Among African American Women

African American women have higher rates of obesity than women of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States. Obesity can have many causes, including genetic and environmental f...

Kidney Cancer in Caucasians and African Americans in the United States

RATIONALE: Gathering information about how often kidney cancer occurs in Caucasians and African Americans may help the study of kidney cancer in the future. PURPOSE: This clinical trial i...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preservation and or management of WATER RESOURCES especially under conditions of scarce supply.

Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.

Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.

Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.

A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

BioPortfolio - life science, medical devices and pharmaceutical conference
BioPortfolio is a leading news, information and knowledge resource covering the global life science industries impacted on by biotechnology. The site aims to provide the lay person, the researcher and the management executive with a single location to so...

Pain
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...


Searches Linking to this Article