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Myopia is a complex, multifactorial condition influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Singapore has one of the world's highest myopia rates. The National Myopia Prevention Programme was started in 2001 with the goal of delaying the onset and progression of myopia through public education and vision screening. Public education targeting children, youth and key stakeholders (parents and teachers) focused on increasing awareness of myopia and its complications, and good eye care habits. Regular school-based vision screening for early detection/management and monitoring of myopia prevalence found that from 2004 to 2015, myopia prevalence decreased from 37.7% to 31.6% among primary school students (p < 0.05). The decrease was the greatest between 2004 and 2007, from 37.7% to 32.3%, and was more stable thereafter at 31.6%-33.7%. Since age of onset and duration of progression are the most important predictors of high myopia in later childhood, it is encouraging that myopia prevalence has decreased among primary students.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Singapore medical journal
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Myopia is a common cause of vision loss, being particularly prevalent in children in East and Southeast Asia. The investigators will assess prevalence and incidence of myopia, identify dig...
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Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Members of staff responsible for TEACHING students in a school from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.
Health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...