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Smoking causes health problems for individuals and imposes a sizable macroeconomic burden on countries. As the world's leading tobacco producer and consumer, China is at the epicenter of this health crisis. However, no studies have examined the macroeconomic burden of all relevant noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) attributable to tobacco or secondhand smoke exposure. We assessed how tobacco-attributable NCDs affect China's productive capacity and estimated that these diseases would impose a total cost of 16.7 trillion yuan (US$2.3 trillion, in constant 2018 prices) in the period 2015-30, which corresponds to an annual tax of 0.9 percent on aggregate income. Secondhand smoke exposure accounts for 14 percent of the burden. If China raised the tax on cigarettes to 75 percent of their retail price and implemented wide-ranging tobacco-control policies, the Chinese economy could save 7.1 trillion yuan (US$1.0 trillion) for 2015-30-the equivalent of adding a 0.4 percent dividend annually.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Health affairs (Project Hope)
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The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in London, United Kingdom.
The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in Italy.
The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in Germany.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Use of TOBACCO (Nicotiana tabacum L) and TOBACCO PRODUCTS.
Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of tobacco or something similar to tobacco.