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Prioritization of pharmaceuticals in water environment in China based on environmental criteria and risk analysis of top-priority pharmaceuticals.

07:00 EST 4th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prioritization of pharmaceuticals in water environment in China based on environmental criteria and risk analysis of top-priority pharmaceuticals."

Numerous studies have shown that a wide range of pharmaceuticals are present in the environment and many of their adverse biological effects on the aquatic ecosystem and human health are unknown. Due to the high population density and large number of pharmaceuticals produced and consumed in China, a systematic approach is needed to identify pharmaceuticals that require greater attention. The present study provides a ranking of pharmaceuticals in China in terms of their occurrence (O), persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity (PBT) based on the predicted environmental concentration (PEC). The total and partial ranking method implemented in the decision analysis by ranking techniques (DART) tool was used, which is an easy-to-use tool for the analysis of datasets. Using the DART approach, 10 pharmaceuticals were selected as priority compounds. These pharmaceuticals included antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and antilipidemic. In order to identify the characteristics of the priority pharmaceuticals, ecotoxicological endpoints were considered. The results of this study and the priority list facilitate the selection of candidate pollutants in future monitoring studies.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of environmental management
ISSN: 1095-8630
Pages: 109732

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.

Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.

Restoration of an environment, ecosystem, or habitat that was physically damaged during land development or by natural disaster, or contaminated by ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.

Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.

The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment or workplace by measuring the amounts of these toxicants in the bodies of people and animals in that environment, among other methods. It also includes the measurement of ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE. Levels in humans and animals are used as indicators of toxic levels of undesirable chemicals.

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