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Supercoiling in a Protein Increases its Stability.

08:00 EDT 27th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Supercoiling in a Protein Increases its Stability."

The supercoiling motif is the most complex type of nontrivial topology found in proteins with at least one disulfide bond and, to the best of our knowledge, it has not been studied before. We show that a protein from extremophilic species with such a motif can fold; however, the supercoiling changes a smooth landscape observed in reduced conditions into a two-state folding process in the oxidative conditions, with a deep intermediate state. The protein takes advantage of the hairpinlike motif to overcome the topological barrier and thus to supercoil. We find that the depth of the supercoiling motif, i.e., the length of the threaded terminus, has a crucial impact on the folding rates of the studied protein. We show that fluctuations of the minimal surface area can be used to measure local stability, and we find that supercoiling introduces stability into the protein. We suggest that the supercoiling motif enables the studied protein to live in physically extreme conditions, which are detrimental to most life on Earth.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 138102

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