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Effective size separation of laser-generated, surfactant-free nanoparticles by continuous centrifugation.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effective size separation of laser-generated, surfactant-free nanoparticles by continuous centrifugation."

High-power, nanosecond, pulsed-laser ablation in liquids enables the continuous synthesis of highly-pure colloidal nanoparticles (NPs) at an application-relevant scale. The gained mass weighted particle size distribution is however often reported to be broad, requiring post treatment like centrifugation to remove undesired particle size fractions. To date, available centrifugation techniques are generally discontinuous, limiting the throughput and hindering economic upscaling. Hence, throughout this paper, a scalable, continuously operating centrifugation of laser-generated platinum nanoparticles in a tubular bowl centrifuge is reported for the first time. To that end, using a 121 W ns-laser, a continuous production of a colloidal suspension of NPs, yet with broad particle size distribution has been employed, yielding productivities of 1 - 2 g/h for gold, silver, and platinum. Subsequent downstream integration of a continuously operating tubular bowl centrifuge was successfully achieved for Pt-NPs allowing the removal of undesired particle size with high throughput. By means of a systematic study of relevant centrifugation parameters involved, effective size optimization and respective size sharpness parameters for a maximum Pt nanoparticle diameter of 10 nm are reported. The results of the experimental centrifugation of laser-generated Pt-NPs were in excellent agreement with the theoretically-calculated cut-off diameter. After centrifugation with optimized parameters, the polydispersity indices of the Pt-NPs size distributions were reduced by a factor of six and higher monodispersities were observed.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 1361-6528
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