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Although Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) of cancer has been continuously improved, its efficiency is still limited by the high toxicity in the absence of irradiation, aggregation and deactivation by biomolecules of the most common photosensitizers (PS). The association of PS to nanoparticles (NPs) can be a promising tool to overcome these limitations and also to enhance PS tumoral selectivity. In addition, the association of PS to metallic NPs may provide the modulation of PS fluorescence and also the enhancement of PS photoactivity due to the electronic coupling with NPs plasmon effect. Adversely to the innumerous work on the coupling of PS to metallic NPs, the application of bimetallic NPs with this goal has not been explored yet. In this work we investigated the physicochemical properties and cytotoxicity of bimetallic gold-platinum NPs (AuPt NPs) conjugated to a chlorin molecule modified with a thiol group. Additionally, chlorin was coupled to AuNPs for comparative purposes since these have been the most commonly used NPs in PDT. The results showed that both platforms promoted the chlorin solubility in water which is crucial in biological applications. Despite the enhancement of photoactivity promoted by both NPs in comparison with chlorin in solution, chlorin-conjugated with AuPtNPs proved to be a more suitable platform for PDT application, since it showed a lower dark citotoxicity, as well as a higher generation of singlet oxygen and cell internalization compared with chlorin-conjugated AuNPs. It is important to highlight that this is the first work reporting on the enhancement of PS photoactivity by its conjugation to AuPtNPs.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
A layer of protein coating adsorbed by NANOPARTICLES upon entry into PLASMA or other protein-containing biological fluids, which affects how nanoparticles are internalized by cells and cleared from the body.
A collective term for a group of around nine geometric and positional isomers of LINOLEIC ACID in which the trans/cis double bonds are conjugated, where double bonds alternate with single bonds.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...