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Facile fabrication and formation mechanism of aluminum nanowire arrays.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Facile fabrication and formation mechanism of aluminum nanowire arrays."

Anodized alumina membranes (AAMs) have proven effective at making vertically-oriented and well-ordered metal nanowire arrays, which are useful in plasmonics and electrochemistry. Here, we produced Al nanowires via directed AAM pore nucleation: a patterned oxide mask on a flat Al surface directed where pores did and did not form, the pores acting to oxidize Al around the sites without pores. This left Al nanowires embedded in the AAM, and produced freestanding Al nanowires after etching the AAM. The nanowire tops had two distinct contours, smooth bowls and flat rough surfaces-suggesting that nanowires with bowl tops result from slow pore development relative to pattern-nucleated pores, not pore blockage as prior literature suggests. The observed low porosity of ∼2%, as opposed to the more typical 10%, suggests pore nucleation in the electrolyte employed may need greater local variations in electric field or pH, possibly explaining the electrolyte's peculiar ability to make Al nanowires. Finally, a soft nano-imprint lithography process was developed here to pattern the mask without damaging the stamp, avoiding a stamp degradation problem in previous work that utilized hard nano-imprint lithography.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 1361-6528
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