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Conventional management of patients with neurotrauma frequently consists of routine, repeat head CT at preordained intervals with ICU-level monitoring, regardless of injury severity. The Brain Injury Guidelines (BIG) are a classification tool for stratifying patients into injury severity and risk-of-progression categories based on presenting clinical and radiographic findings. In the present study, the authors aimed to validate BIG criteria at a single level 1 trauma center.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neurosurgery
With the ageing population, the prevalence of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) among older patients is increasing, and the age criteria of the Canadian CT head rule (CCHR) is challenged by many emer...
To characterize the clinical profile of patients dying from external causes (EC) following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Association of Statewide Implementation of the Prehospital Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment Guidelines With Patient Survival Following Traumatic Brain Injury: The Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) Study.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a massive public health problem. While evidence-based guidelines directing the prehospital treatment of TBI have been promulgated, to our knowledge, no studies have ass...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of mortality and disability in the pediatric population. Non-accidental trauma (NAT) has specifically been reported to result in more severe injury ...
The annual number of emergency department (ED) visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is rising in the United States, with the majority of these visits resulting in a diagnosis of mild traumatic brai...
The general objective of the comaScore project is to provide an external validation of the accuracy of the comaScore, a score derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to predict 1 ye...
In the current study the investigators intend to evaluate the role of Ischemia modified albumin (IMA) in the prediction of poor outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The i...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious condition with high morbidity and mortality. The Glasgow score alone, assessed at the initial phase, is not enough to determine the prognosis. ...
Evaluation of the impact (on survival and other outcomes) of implementing the Brain Trauma Foundation/National Association of EMS Physicians Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) guidelines in the ...
As per World Health Organization (WHO) 2015 report, road injury is the tenth cause of mortality in the world. - 90% of these occur in Low and Middle-Income countries (LMICs) -...
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.