They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample."

Performance validity tests (PVTs) have become a standard part of adult neuropsychological practice; however, they are less widely used in pediatric testing. The current study aimed to obtain a better understanding of the application of PVTs within a mixed clinical pediatric sample with a wide range of diagnosis, IQ, and age. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 130 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated as part of clinical care and diagnosed with a variety of medical/neurological, developmental, and psychiatric disorders. Patients were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests; results of intellectual functioning measures (i.e., Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition [WISC-V] or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition [WAIS-IV]), and PVTs (i.e., Test of Memory Malingering [TOMM] and Digit Span [DS] subtests of the WISC-V/WAIS-IV) were analyzed to assess PVT performance across the sample as well as age- and Full-Scale IQ-related (FSIQ) effects on pass rate. Results suggested that the TOMM is an effective validity test for youth, as the TOMM adult cutoff score was also valid for children (88% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥41, 71% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥45). In contrast, Reliable Digit Span (RDS) was less accurate (34% failed RDS [cut-score ≤6], 54% failed RDS-r [cut-score ≤10], and 25% failed DS ACSS [cut-score ≤5]) using standard adult cutoffs. Notably, although TOMM scores were not strongly influenced by IQ, DS scores increased as IQ increased. Overall, further analysis of PVTs can champion new standards of practice through additional research establishing PVT accuracy within pediatric populations.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied neuropsychology. Child
ISSN: 2162-2973
Pages: 1-11


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