Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Performance validity tests (PVTs) have become a standard part of adult neuropsychological practice; however, they are less widely used in pediatric testing. The current study aimed to obtain a better understanding of the application of PVTs within a mixed clinical pediatric sample with a wide range of diagnosis, IQ, and age. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 130 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated as part of clinical care and diagnosed with a variety of medical/neurological, developmental, and psychiatric disorders. Patients were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests; results of intellectual functioning measures (i.e., Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition [WISC-V] or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition [WAIS-IV]), and PVTs (i.e., Test of Memory Malingering [TOMM] and Digit Span [DS] subtests of the WISC-V/WAIS-IV) were analyzed to assess PVT performance across the sample as well as age- and Full-Scale IQ-related (FSIQ) effects on pass rate. Results suggested that the TOMM is an effective validity test for youth, as the TOMM adult cutoff score was also valid for children (88% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥41, 71% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥45). In contrast, Reliable Digit Span (RDS) was less accurate (34% failed RDS [cut-score ≤6], 54% failed RDS-r [cut-score ≤10], and 25% failed DS ACSS [cut-score ≤5]) using standard adult cutoffs. Notably, although TOMM scores were not strongly influenced by IQ, DS scores increased as IQ increased. Overall, further analysis of PVTs can champion new standards of practice through additional research establishing PVT accuracy within pediatric populations.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Applied neuropsychology. Child
This study was designed to evaluate the classification accuracy of a multivariate model of performance validity assessment using embedded validity indicators (EVIs) within the Wechsler Adult Intellige...
The Colorado Adult Joint Assessment Scale (CAJAS) is designed to assess joint health in adults with hemophilia. The CAJAS comprises nine items (Swelling, Muscle Atrophy, Axial Deformity, Crepitus, Ran...
Studies in older adults or those with cognitive impairment have shown associations between cognitive and olfactory performance, but there are few population-based studies especially in younger adults....
The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is intended to help clients identify and evaluate their occupational performance issues. As it enhances client-centred practice (CCP), more frequen...
The Kihon Checklist (KCL) was developed to identify vulnerable older adults residing in Japan who are at a high risk of becoming dependent. The present study aimed to determine the validity of the KCL...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the concurrent validity between the Brain Performance Test (BPT) subtests and corresponding conventional in-person neuropsychological assessments (...
The primary objective for this study is to compare the safety and validity of two endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) systems (GF-UE260-ME2 and EG-UR5-S50) used for clinical performance and e...
The purpose of this study is to confirm the clinical validity and the performance of the Monocyte Width Distribution (MDW) parameter to detect the development of sepsis in a prospective st...
The aim of this study was to adapt the Chalder Fatigue Scale to Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties in young adults. Within the scope of the study, firstly the Turkish versi...
The aim of this case-controlled observational cross-sectional study is to investigate the test-retest reliability, validity and clinical utility of a rapid robotic assessment of finger pro...
A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age.
Absorbent pads designed to be worn as underpants or pants liners by adults.
Cells with high proliferative and self renewal capacities derived from adults.
Injury to the nervous system secondary to exposure to lead compounds. Two distinct clinical patterns occur in children (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, CHILDHOOD) and adults (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, ADULT). In children, lead poisoning typically produces an encephalopathy. In adults, exposure to toxic levels of lead is associated with a peripheral neuropathy.
Neurologic conditions in adults associated with acute or chronic exposure to lead or any of its salts. The most common lead related neurologic syndrome in adults consists of a polyneuropathy involving motor fibers. This tends to affect distal nerves and may present as wrist drop due to RADIAL NEUROPATHY. Additional features of chronic lead exposure include ANEMIA; CONSTIPATION; colicky abdominal pain; a bluish lead line of the gums; interstitial nephritis (NEPHRITIS, INTERSTITIAL); and saturnine gout. An encephalopathy may rarely occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...