Topics

They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "They're not just little adults: The utility of adult performance validity measures in a mixed clinical pediatric sample."

Performance validity tests (PVTs) have become a standard part of adult neuropsychological practice; however, they are less widely used in pediatric testing. The current study aimed to obtain a better understanding of the application of PVTs within a mixed clinical pediatric sample with a wide range of diagnosis, IQ, and age. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 130 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated as part of clinical care and diagnosed with a variety of medical/neurological, developmental, and psychiatric disorders. Patients were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests; results of intellectual functioning measures (i.e., Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition [WISC-V] or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition [WAIS-IV]), and PVTs (i.e., Test of Memory Malingering [TOMM] and Digit Span [DS] subtests of the WISC-V/WAIS-IV) were analyzed to assess PVT performance across the sample as well as age- and Full-Scale IQ-related (FSIQ) effects on pass rate. Results suggested that the TOMM is an effective validity test for youth, as the TOMM adult cutoff score was also valid for children (88% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥41, 71% pass rate on TOMM trial 1 cut-score ≥45). In contrast, Reliable Digit Span (RDS) was less accurate (34% failed RDS [cut-score ≤6], 54% failed RDS-r [cut-score ≤10], and 25% failed DS ACSS [cut-score ≤5]) using standard adult cutoffs. Notably, although TOMM scores were not strongly influenced by IQ, DS scores increased as IQ increased. Overall, further analysis of PVTs can champion new standards of practice through additional research establishing PVT accuracy within pediatric populations.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied neuropsychology. Child
ISSN: 2162-2973
Pages: 1-11

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17390 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Stronger Together: The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition as a Multivariate Performance Validity Test in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury.

This study was designed to evaluate the classification accuracy of a multivariate model of performance validity assessment using embedded validity indicators (EVIs) within the Wechsler Adult Intellige...

Validity and reliability of the Colorado Adult Joint Assessment Scale in adults with moderate-severe hemophilia A.

The Colorado Adult Joint Assessment Scale (CAJAS) is designed to assess joint health in adults with hemophilia. The CAJAS comprises nine items (Swelling, Muscle Atrophy, Axial Deformity, Crepitus, Ran...

Olfactory function is associated with cognitive performance: results from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study.

Studies in older adults or those with cognitive impairment have shown associations between cognitive and olfactory performance, but there are few population-based studies especially in younger adults....

Clinical utility of the Danish version of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure.

The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is intended to help clients identify and evaluate their occupational performance issues. As it enhances client-centred practice (CCP), more frequen...

Validity of the Kihon Checklist for evaluating frailty status in Turkish older adults.

The Kihon Checklist (KCL) was developed to identify vulnerable older adults residing in Japan who are at a high risk of becoming dependent. The present study aimed to determine the validity of the KCL...

Clinical Trials [11421 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Validity of an Online Neurocognitive Test Battery, the Brain Performance Test (BPT), in Normal Healthy Adults

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the concurrent validity between the Brain Performance Test (BPT) subtests and corresponding conventional in-person neuropsychological assessments (...

Assessment of the Echoendoscope for Clinical Performance

The primary objective for this study is to compare the safety and validity of two endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) systems (GF-UE260-ME2 and EG-UR5-S50) used for clinical performance and e...

Evaluation of MDW for Early Detection of Sepsis, Clinical Validity

The purpose of this study is to confirm the clinical validity and the performance of the Monocyte Width Distribution (MDW) parameter to detect the development of sepsis in a prospective st...

Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale in Young Adults

The aim of this study was to adapt the Chalder Fatigue Scale to Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties in young adults. Within the scope of the study, firstly the Turkish versi...

Reliability, Validity and Clinical Utility of a Robotic Assessment for Proprioception

The aim of this case-controlled observational cross-sectional study is to investigate the test-retest reliability, validity and clinical utility of a rapid robotic assessment of finger pro...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A person having attained full growth or maturity. Adults are of 19 through 44 years of age.

Absorbent pads designed to be worn as underpants or pants liners by adults.

Cells with high proliferative and self renewal capacities derived from adults.

Injury to the nervous system secondary to exposure to lead compounds. Two distinct clinical patterns occur in children (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, CHILDHOOD) and adults (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, ADULT). In children, lead poisoning typically produces an encephalopathy. In adults, exposure to toxic levels of lead is associated with a peripheral neuropathy.

Neurologic conditions in adults associated with acute or chronic exposure to lead or any of its salts. The most common lead related neurologic syndrome in adults consists of a polyneuropathy involving motor fibers. This tends to affect distal nerves and may present as wrist drop due to RADIAL NEUROPATHY. Additional features of chronic lead exposure include ANEMIA; CONSTIPATION; colicky abdominal pain; a bluish lead line of the gums; interstitial nephritis (NEPHRITIS, INTERSTITIAL); and saturnine gout. An encephalopathy may rarely occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Psychiatry
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...


Searches Linking to this Article