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Progress of clinical and genetic research on distal hereditary motor neuropathy.

07:00 EST 10th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Progress of clinical and genetic research on distal hereditary motor neuropathy."

Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by progressive distal weakness and atrophy. The onset of dHMN is at mid-adulthood or early childhood, and the symptoms are mainly present in the lower limbs. Besides weakness and atrophy of distal limb muscles, some patients may develop bulbar paralysis, and some may also present with mild sensory disturbance. Decreased or absent tendon reflexes may be discovered. Electromyography may show neurogenic damages. Muscular biopsy may reveal neurogenic amyotrophy. An increasing number of genes have been associated with dHMN. Pathogenesis of dHMN may include formation of protein aggregates, impairment of autophagy pathway, RNA processing, translation synthesis, axonal transport, endoplasmic reticulum stress, calcium channel and neuroprotection. A review for recent progress made on clinical characterization and molecular genetics of dHMN is provided.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
ISSN: 1003-9406
Pages: 1136-1140

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy transmitted most often as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by progressive distal wasting and loss of reflexes in the muscles of the legs (and occasionally involving the arms). Onset is usually in the second to fourth decade of life. This condition has been divided into two subtypes, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) types I and II. HMSN I is associated with abnormal nerve conduction velocities and nerve hypertrophy, features not seen in HMSN II. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)

A group of slowly progressive inherited disorders affecting motor and sensory peripheral nerves. Subtypes include HMSNs I-VII. HMSN I and II both refer to CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE. HMSN III refers to hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy. HMSN IV refers to REFSUM DISEASE. HMSN V refers to a condition marked by a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with spastic paraplegia (see SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, HEREDITARY). HMSN VI refers to HMSN associated with an inherited optic atrophy (OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY), and HMSN VII refers to HMSN associated with retinitis pigmentosa. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress. It was established in 1986.

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Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.

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