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Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by progressive distal weakness and atrophy. The onset of dHMN is at mid-adulthood or early childhood, and the symptoms are mainly present in the lower limbs. Besides weakness and atrophy of distal limb muscles, some patients may develop bulbar paralysis, and some may also present with mild sensory disturbance. Decreased or absent tendon reflexes may be discovered. Electromyography may show neurogenic damages. Muscular biopsy may reveal neurogenic amyotrophy. An increasing number of genes have been associated with dHMN. Pathogenesis of dHMN may include formation of protein aggregates, impairment of autophagy pathway, RNA processing, translation synthesis, axonal transport, endoplasmic reticulum stress, calcium channel and neuroprotection. A review for recent progress made on clinical characterization and molecular genetics of dHMN is provided.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
We found a p.Gly327Arg mutation in GARS in two unrelated women, both of whom had a similar phenotype - motor weakness that began in late childhood, distal weakness in the arms and legs, a motor greate...
Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P) is characterized by adult onset, a slowly progressive course and autosomal dominant inheritance. It remains unclear ...
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Peripheral neuropathy occurs in the setting of both hereditary and acquired amyloidosis. The most common form of hereditary amyloidosis is caused by 1 of 140 mutations in the transthyretin (TTR) gene,...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a commonly inherited form of neuropathy. Although named over 100 years ago, identification of subtypes of Charcot-Marie-Tooth has rapidly expanded in the preceding decad...
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If the classification between hereditary and acquired neuropathy is often easy, there is no completely specific marker allowing the distinction between the two etiologies. Clinical experie...
This study is meant to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rAAV2-ND4 treatment for Leber hereditary optic neuropathy with the G11778A mutation in mitochondrial DNA.
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Expanded Access Use for a single patient of Bilateral Intravitreal Injection of GS010 in a Single Subject Affected with G11778A ND4 Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
A hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy transmitted most often as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by progressive distal wasting and loss of reflexes in the muscles of the legs (and occasionally involving the arms). Onset is usually in the second to fourth decade of life. This condition has been divided into two subtypes, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) types I and II. HMSN I is associated with abnormal nerve conduction velocities and nerve hypertrophy, features not seen in HMSN II. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
A group of slowly progressive inherited disorders affecting motor and sensory peripheral nerves. Subtypes include HMSNs I-VII. HMSN I and II both refer to CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE. HMSN III refers to hypertrophic neuropathy of infancy. HMSN IV refers to REFSUM DISEASE. HMSN V refers to a condition marked by a hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with spastic paraplegia (see SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, HEREDITARY). HMSN VI refers to HMSN associated with an inherited optic atrophy (OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY), and HMSN VII refers to HMSN associated with retinitis pigmentosa. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1343)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress. It was established in 1986.
Rare autosomal recessive disorder of INTERMEDIATE FILAMENT PROTEINS. The disease is caused by mutations in the gene that codes gigaxonin protein. The mutations result in disorganization of axonal NEUROFILAMENT PROTEINS, formation of the characteristic giant axons, and progressive neuropathy. The clinical features of the disease include early-onset progressive peripheral motor and sensory neuropathies often associated with central nervous system involvement (mental retardation, seizures, DYSMETRIA, and CONGENITAL NYSTAGMUS).
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