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Lamivudine vs placebo or no treatment in preventing the transmission of hepatitis B virus during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Lamivudine vs placebo or no treatment in preventing the transmission of hepatitis B virus during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis."

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a severe health problem, especially in developing countries. Almost 45% of the population lives in highly endemic areas, where the most common form of transmission is mother to child transmission (MTCT). Administration of antiviral therapy has been established. Nevertheless, its efficacy still remains controversial.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
ISSN: 1878-3503
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

A strain of HEPATITIS A VIRUS which causes hepatitis in humans. The virus replicates in hepatocytes and is presumed to reach the intestine via the bile duct. Transmission occurs by the fecal-oral route.

Acute INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans; caused by HEPATITIS E VIRUS, a non-enveloped single-stranded RNA virus. Similar to HEPATITIS A, its incubation period is 15-60 days and is enterically transmitted, usually by fecal-oral transmission.

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

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