Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Even though the incidence of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is reported to be increasing, few studies have reported on the healthcare costs of community-acquired CDI. We estimated cost of care for individuals with community-associated CDI and compared with that for matched controls without CDI in the time period of six months before to one year after CDI.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Little is known about how to promote cost-of-care conversations in health care settings.
Low-value care is the provision of procedures and treatments that provide little or no benefit to patients while increasing the cost of health care. This study examined the provision of low-value care...
Repeat visits (revisits) to Emergency Departments (EDs) for psychiatric care reflect poor continuity of care and impose a high financial cost. We test whether rapid expansion of Community Health Cente...
Psychotropic polypharmacy is not uncommon among cancer patients and may contribute to the increased direct health care cost burden in this population.
Community engagement describes a complex political process with dynamic negotiation and renegotiation of power and authority between providers and recipients of health care in order to achieve a share...
D-CARE: The Dementia Care Study This pragmatic randomized clinical trial of 2150 persons with dementia and their caregivers, at four diverse clinical trial sites in the United States, wil...
Community Paramedicine @Home (CP@Home) is a novel community paramedicine health assessment program for high users of Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Individuals who have been identified ...
This study will compare the effectiveness of two self-management support interventions—Community Health Workers (CHW) and mobile health (mHealth)—versus enhanced usual care to improve ...
Hazardous drinking (HD) is a major public health burden worldwide with significant morbidity and mortality. To reduce HD, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using Screening, Br...
The purpose of this research study is to determine the best way to increase screening for cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, HIV, and Hepatitis C among underscreened Hispanic, Haitian and...
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The purpose of this 1990 federal act is to assure that individuals receiving health care services will be given an opportunity to participate in and direct health care decisions affecting themselves. Under this act, hospitals, health care agencies, and health maintenance organizations are responsible for developing patient information for distribution. The information must include patients' rights, advance directives, living wills, ethics committees' consultation and education functions, limited medical treatment (support/comfort care only), mental health treatment, resuscitation, restraints, surrogate decision making and transfer of care. (from JCAHO, Lexicon, 1994)
Approach to improve the quality of care by selectively encouraging or discouraging the use of specific health care services, based on their potential benefit to patients' health, relative to their cost. One element is lowering beneficiary cost sharing or out-of-pocket spending to increase medication adherence.
Nurses whose work combines elements of both primary care nursing and public health practice and takes place primarily outside the therapeutic institution. Primary nursing care is directed to individuals, families, or groups in their natural settings within communities.
Clostridium difficile (CDI)
A clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a type of bacterial infection that can affect the digestive system. It most commonly affects people who are staying in hospital. The symptoms of CDI can range from mild to severe and include: diarrhoe...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...