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Coadministration of kla peptide with HPRP-A1 to enhance anticancer activity.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Coadministration of kla peptide with HPRP-A1 to enhance anticancer activity."

The apoptosis-inducing peptide kla (KLAKLAK)2 possesses the ability to disrupt mitochondrial membranes and induce cancer cell apoptosis, but this peptide has a poor eukaryotic cell-penetrating potential. Thus, it requires the assistance of other peptides for effective translocation at micromolar concentrations. In this study, breast and lung cancer cells were treated by kla peptide co-administrated with membrane-active anticancer peptide HPRP-A1. HPRP-A1 assisted kla to enter cancer cells and localized on mitochondrial membranes to result in cytochrome C releasing and mitochondrial depolarization which ultimately induced apoptosis.The apoptosis rate was up to 65%and 45% on MCF-7 and A549 cell lines, respectively, induced by HPRP-A1 coadministration with kla group. The breast cancer model was constructed in mice, and the anticancer peptides were injected to observe the changes in cancer volume, andimmunohistochemical analysis was performed on the tissues and organs after the drug was administered. Both the weight and volume of tumor tissue were remarkable lower in HPRP-A1 with kla group compared with thosepeptidealonggroups. The results showed that the combined drug group effectively inhibited the growth of cancer and did not cause toxic damage to normal tissues, as well as exhibited significantly improvement on peptide anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0223738

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A peptide of 36 or 37 amino acids that is derived from PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. GLP-1(1-37 or 1-36) is further N-terminally truncated resulting in GLP-1(7-37) or GLP-1-(7-36) which can be amidated. These GLP-1 peptides are known to enhance glucose-dependent INSULIN release, suppress GLUCAGON release and gastric emptying, lower BLOOD GLUCOSE, and reduce food intake.

A 36-amino acid peptide present in many organs and in many sympathetic noradrenergic neurons. It has vasoconstrictor and natriuretic activity and regulates local blood flow, glandular secretion, and smooth muscle activity. The peptide also stimulates feeding and drinking behavior and influences secretion of pituitary hormones.

A nonapeptide that is found in neurons, peripheral organs, and plasma. This neuropeptide induces mainly delta sleep in mammals. In addition to sleep, the peptide has been observed to affect electrophysiological activity, neurotransmitter levels in the brain, circadian and locomotor patterns, hormonal levels, psychological performance, and the activity of neuropharmacological drugs including their withdrawal.

The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.

Chemicals that, while not possessing inherent pesticidal activity, nonetheless promote or enhance the effectiveness of other pesticides when combined.

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