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Strong efforts have been made to understand the bacterial communities in potato plants and the rhizosphere. Research has focused on the effect of the environment and plant genotype on bacterial community structures and dynamics, while little is known about the origin and assembly of the bacterial community, especially in potato tubers. The tuber microbiota, however, may be of special interest as it could play an important role in crop quality, such as storage stability. Here, we used 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to study the bacterial communities that colonize tubers of different potato cultivars commonly used in Austrian potato production over three generations and grown in different soils. Statistical analysis of sequencing data showed that the bacterial community of potato tubers has changed over generations and has become more similar to the soil bacterial community, while the impact of the potato cultivar on the bacterial assemblage has lost significance over time. The communities in different tuber parts did not differ significantly, while the soil bacterial community showed significant differences to the tuber microbiota composition. Additionally, the presence of OTUs in subsequent tuber generation points to vertical transmission of a subset of the tuber microbiota. Four OTUs were common to all tuber generations and all potato varieties. In summary, we conclude that the microbiota of potato tubers is recruited from the soil largely independent from the plant variety. Furthermore, the bacterial assemblage in potato tubers consists of bacteria transmitted from one tuber generation to the next and bacteria recruited from the soil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Eukaryotic homolog of the bacterial MutL DNA MISMATCH REPAIR protein. It heterodimerizes with MISMATCH REPAIR ENDONUCLEASE PMS2 to form MutL alpha, which is recruited to DNA mismatch sites by the MUTS DNA MISMATCH-BINDING PROTEIN. Mutations in the human MLH1 gene are associated with COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS, HEREDITARY NONPOLYPOSIS.
An inherited autosomal recessive trait, characterized by peripheral resistance to THYROID HORMONES and the resulting elevation in serum levels of THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE. This syndrome is caused by mutations of gene THRB encoding the THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS BETA in target cells. HYPOTHYROIDISM in these patients is partly overcome by the increased thyroid hormone levels.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
An alkalophilic species of Bacillus that occurs in soil. It produces ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and is used as a PROBIOTIC.
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DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...