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In a seminal Swedish study, Gemmill and colleagues pursued whether suicides after economic contractions might reflect an "induction" process whereby economic change induces suicide in those otherwise unlikely to engage in self-destructive behavior, or a "displacement" process whereby economic contractions effectively bring forward suicides that would have occurred eventually, and found support for both hypotheses. We therefore undertook a replication study examining the hypotheses in the Australian state of New South Wales, analyzing suicide data for the same period as examined in Sweden (i.e., 2000-2011) and also over an extended period of 1978 to 2015. Our analyses failed to replicate findings from the Swedish study in that we found greater support for the induction hypothesis. Significant associations varied across sex and age groups. Our findings support the longstanding Durkheim hypothesis that suicide rates increase during times of low social integration and as a consequence of the economic changes acting as a precipitant stressor.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of nervous and mental disease
To describe the employment status of Brazilians with multiple sclerosis (MS).
This paper analyzes the reciprocal lagged relationship between depressive symptoms and employment status. We find that severe depressive symptoms contribute to a 25.6% increase in subsequent non-emplo...
To assess how sociodemographic, clinical and treatment characteristics impact employment status five-years following a breast cancer diagnosis, and to compare the incidence rate of changes with the ge...
Suicide rates are higher among unemployed men as well as those employed in male-dominated occupations such as construction. There has been less research on whether these patterns are similar for suici...
There is disagreement on the specific mechanism through which the economic recession increased suicides in Greece. Unemployment is considered by many authors to be the determining factor but the data ...
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of USES, a strengths-based enhancement to supported employment (SE), as compared to supported employment alone.
The aim of this search is to realize the subjective experiences of employment among schizophrenic patients by qualitative analysis. We plan to recruit 50 people diagnosed with schizophreni...
The aim of this study is to investigate the histological and immunohistochemical findings of the saphenous vein graft, to rule out endothelial damage as a direct result of manipulation or ...
Within the first year after diagnosis, data on employment and quality of life will be collected and evaluated in patients with malignant melanoma
The purpose of this study is to determine whether offering an evidence-based package of employment supports integrated with mental health services has a positive impact on employment and c...
Paid work for mentally or physically disabled persons, taking place in regular or normal work settings. It may be competitive employment (work that pays minimum wage) or employment with subminimal wages in individualized or group placement situations. It is intended for persons with severe disabilities who require a range of support services to maintain employment. Supported employment differs from SHELTERED WORKSHOPS in that work in the latter takes place in a controlled working environment. Federal regulations are authorized and administered by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.
Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.
Drugs that stimulate contraction of the myometrium. They are used to induce LABOR, OBSTETRIC at term, to prevent or control postpartum or postabortion hemorrhage, and to assess fetal status in high risk pregnancies. They may also be used alone or with other drugs to induce abortions (ABORTIFACIENTS). Oxytocics used clinically include the neurohypophyseal hormone OXYTOCIN and certain prostaglandins and ergot alkaloids. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p1157)
Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.
A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)