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It is generally believed that pharmacologic prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is underused. However, previous studies have not shown associations between increased prophylaxis administration and reductions in VTE. We here investigated prophylaxis administration and VTE incidence among trauma patients at our facility to determine whether to further increase prophylaxis administration after implementation of a standardized monitoring protocol. Univariate analyses and regression models were used to evaluate the protocol's effect on VTE, identify clinical factors associated with VTE and with receiving prophylaxis, and identify over- or under-prophylaxed patients. A final prophylaxis rate of 71.2% was achieved, an increase from the 40.8% reported by the Trauma Quality Improvement Program in 2015, with no accompanying reduction in VTE (1.5% pre and postintervention). Factors that identified patients at lower probability of receiving prophylaxis were those that increased bleeding risk: severe head injuries (odds ratio [OR] = 0.13) and preexisting bleeding (OR = 0.69) and renal/kidney (OR = 0.46) disorders. A large group of patients was both at increased odds of receiving prophylaxis and at low risk of VTE, representing a group that may be considered for nonpharmacologic options. Examination of current prophylaxis practices and identification of underuse or overuse is beneficial before expending effort to increase prophylaxis administration to reduce VTE.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal for healthcare quality : official publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
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