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Electrophysiological Changes Following Human Muscle Tear: A Potential Confounder.

07:00 EST 6th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Electrophysiological Changes Following Human Muscle Tear: A Potential Confounder."

The goal of this prospective electrophysiologic study is to describe the chronological electromyographic findings observed in a human gastrocnemius muscle following a traumatic tear. A 30-year-old man sustained a tear of the medial gastrocnemius. Needle electromyography was performed serially at 5, 15, and 26 weeks post-injury, with the contralateral gastrocnemius muscle serving as a control. Audiovisual recordings of the studies were analyzed in a blinded manner. Five weeks post-injury, the affected gastrocnemius displayed increased insertional activity on electromyography. By 15 weeks post-injury, insertional activity had diminished. However, motor unit action potentials showed chronic neurogenic morphological changes not previously observed. These changes persisted 26 weeks post-injury. The study findings reveal a chronological trajectory of increased insertional activity followed by reinnervation changes in a human muscle after local trauma, paralleling a course previously observed in a rat model. Electrodiagnosticians unaware of this phenomenon are at risk for making erroneous interpretations when examining patients with a history of muscle trauma.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation
ISSN: 1537-7385
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