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MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that are implicated in various biological processes. Hsa-miR-6165 (miR-6165), located in the p75NTR gene, is known to induce apoptosis in human cell lines, but its mechanism of action is not fully understood yet. Here, we predicted the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) gene as a bona fide target for miR-6165. The overexpression of miR-6165 in SW480 cells resulted in significant downregulation of IGF-1R expression as detected by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Also, it resulted in reduced transcript levels of AKT2, AKT3, PI3KR3, PI3KR5, CCND1, c-MYC and P21 genes detected by RT-qPCR analysis. In addition, a direct interaction between miR-6165 and a 3'UTR sequence of the IGF-1R gene was verified through a dual luciferase assay. Furthermore, miR-6165 and IGF-1R showed opposite patterns of expression during the neural differentiation process of NT2 cells. Annexin V analysis and MTT assay showed that miR-6165 overexpression was followed by increased apoptosis and reduced the viability rate of SW480 cells. Moreover, a lower expression level of miR-6165 was detected in high-grade colorectal tumors compared with low-grade tumors. Taken together, the results of our study suggest a tumor suppressive role of miR-6165 in colorectal cancer, which seems to take place by regulating IGF-1R gene expression.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biological chemistry
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A well-characterized neutral peptide believed to be secreted by the LIVER and to circulate in the BLOOD. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like and mitogenic activities. The growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on SOMATOTROPIN. It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I, which is a major growth factor in adults.
A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.
A vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor whose expression is restricted primarily to adult lymphatic endothelium. VEGFR-3 preferentially binds the vascular endothelial growth factor C and vascular endothelial growth factor D and may be involved in the control of lymphangiogenesis.
A binding partner for several RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASES, including INSULIN RECEPTOR and INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR. It contains a C-terminal SH2 DOMAIN and mediates various SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathways.
A fibroblast growth factor receptor that is found in two isoforms. One receptor isoform is found in the MESENCHYME and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. A second isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 is found mainly in EPITHELIAL CELLS and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 10. Mutation of the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 can result in APERT SYNDROME.
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