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Rates of co-occurring depression and alcohol use are higher among college students than in the general population. Further research is needed to illuminate how the mechanisms with which individuals process negative emotions may clarify the link between depressive symptoms and drinking. To assess how three potential mediators representing affective functioning (ie, need for affect, distress tolerance, emotion regulation) explain the relationship between depressive symptoms and alcohol use (ie, quantity and problems). The sample consisted of 227 college student heavy drinkers. Participants completed computerized self-report surveys in Fall 2016. Path analyses revealed need for affect mediated the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol quantity, while emotion regulation mediated the relationship between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems. Findings highlight the importance of various affective functioning mechanisms to the depressive symptom-drinking link. Future research could target these mechanisms in college interventions for co-occurring mood symptoms and alcohol use.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of American college health : J of ACH
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An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
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