Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Synesthesia is a rare perceptual condition causing unusual sensations, which are triggered by the stimulation of otherwise unrelated modalities (e.g., the sensation of colors triggered when listening to music). In addition to the name it takes today, the condition has had a wide variety of designations throughout its scientific history. These different names have also been accompanied by shifting boundaries in its definition, and the literature has undergone a considerable process of change in the development of a term for synesthesia, starting with "obscure feeling" in 1772, and ending with the first emergence of the true term "synesthesia" or "synæsthesiæ" in 1892. In this article, we will unpack the complex history of this nomenclature; provide key excerpts from central texts, in often hard-to-locate sources; and translate these early passages and terminologies into English.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the history of the neurosciences
Franz Joseph Gall's wayward discipline Johann Gaspar Spurzheim greatly modified Gall's original system and introduced it to the English-speaking world. Through an active program of itinerant lecturing...
Surface thermometers were developed in the latter half of the nineteenth century. In 1877, Broca, already famous for his contributions to the cerebral localization of nonfluent aphasia, presented his ...
The source of the human voice is obscured from view. The development of the laryngoscope in the late 1850s provided the potential to see the action of the vocal folds during speaking for the first tim...
Trephines and trepanning date to ancient times, but a "modern" form of instruments was codified by the seventeenth century. This did not preclude efforts to "improve" the trephine in the late-eighteen...
Pitch classes (e.g., do, re, and mi) in music evoke color sensations in pitch class-color synesthesia, which is a recently described form of synesthesia in musicians. The synesthetic color sensations ...
Our objective here is to characterize the viral evolution and viral factors determining HIV virulence, the evolution of the HIV reservoir in PBMC and the co-evolution of anti-HIV CD8 T cel...
Introduction Treatment of neuropathic pain has been a goal of numerous research projects for the last half century, with overall disappointing results. These poor achievements are in contr...
The research project CHAIN (COPD Assessment History in Spain): "A Multidimensional Study on the Evolution of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)is a multicentre, observational stu...
In the 21st century, the importance of family health history will increase as it will be essential to put detailed personal genetic information into the context of an individual's health, ...
"Evolution of patient's health after hospital discharge is poorly documented. The investigators hypothesize that information of good quality on this concern might be accessible at a relati...
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization, culture, and science. The Greek Empire extended from the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands from the 16th century B.C., to the Indus Valley in the 4th century under Alexander the Great, and to southern Italy and Sicily. Greek medicine began with Homeric and Aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to Hippocrates (480-355 B.C.). The classic period of Greek medicine was 460-136 B.C. and the Graeco-Roman period, 156 B.C.-576 A.D. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.