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Pathogenesis-related proteins play significant roles in plant responses to pathogen infection and environmental stresses. PR-5 proteins are thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) and can improve plant resistance to diseases. In this study, a protein named PR-NP24 belonging to the PR-5 family was found to be specifically expressed in tomato exocarp. Subsequently, PR-NP24 and orthologous TLPs were identified in partial Solanaceae species. The differential expression patterns of the PR-NP24 protein in exocarp of tomato were further analyzed, which resulted in a better understanding of PR-NP24 regulation in plant responses to the abiotic and biotic stresses. Accumulation of PR-NP24 induced by salt (NaCl) treatment could promote plant resistance against invasive fungal pathogens. This study concluded that the regulation of PR-NP24 in tomato exocarp could provide a possible applicability to improve the harvest management of tomato fruits as well as a practical significance of the allergenic potentials in the fruits of other plants.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
The regulatory protein CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC (COP) 1 is a key repressor of photomorphogenesis; it regulates numerous developmental processes and responds to biotic and abiotic stress in plants...
Plants often produce antifungal peptides and proteins in response to infection. Also wheat, which is the main ingredient of bread dough, contains such components. Here, we show that while some industr...
The objective of this research was the identification and characterization of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Peruvian Amazonian fruits. Thirty-seven isolates were obtained from diverse Amazo...
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) poses serious threat to tomato production worldwide, and the vector, Bemisia tabaci, plays a key role in the transmission of this virus. However, the molecular me...
Defense responses of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) against attack by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc), the causal agent of soft rot diseases, were studied. The expression of some...
This study is a sensory analysis of several different formulations of a novel tomato-soy-arugula seed beverage in men with prostate cancer. Eating a diet rich in a variety of fruits and ve...
The goal of this study is to determine if papaya fruits are an exceptionally good food source for carotenoids in humans, particularly when compared more common carotenoid sources like carr...
This clinical trial aims to test the effects of consuming two types of tomato (one ordinary cherry red tomato containing lycopene, and the other a yellow cherry tomato low in lycopene), on...
The primary objective of this study is to determine if tomato-soy juice can reduce inflammation, which is linked to prostate cancer, in obese males.
The purpose of this research study is to test whether certain compounds in tomatoes will help reduce factors in the subject's blood associated with disease risk. The investigators want to ...
A plant family of the order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery. Fruits are one- or two-seeded capsules or drupes (stony-pitted fleshy fruits).
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (FUSION REGULATORY PROTEIN 1, HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (FUSION REGULATORY PROTEIN 1, LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.
A heterodimeric protein complex of RNA cap-binding proteins, which binds with high affinity to the 5' MRNA CAP STRUCTURE in the CELL NUCLEUS. The complex contains two subunits, one of 80-kDa molecular weight and another of 20-kDa molecular weight.
Proteins which bind with RETINOL. The retinol-binding protein found in plasma has an alpha-1 mobility on electrophoresis and a molecular weight of about 21 kDa. The retinol-protein complex (MW=80-90 kDa) circulates in plasma in the form of a protein-protein complex with prealbumin. The retinol-binding protein found in tissue has a molecular weight of 14 kDa and carries retinol as a non-covalently-bound ligand.
Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...