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Light-activated peptide-based materials for sutureless wound closure.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Light-activated peptide-based materials for sutureless wound closure."

Using chemically modified extracellular matrix proteins such as collagen, in combination with light for tissue bonding reduces inflammation and minimizes scarring. However, full length animal or recombinant human collagen proteins are difficult to isolate/produce. Thus, short biomimetic collagen peptides with properties equivalent to collagen at both structural and functional levels may be ideal building blocks for the development of remotely triggered adhesives and fillers. In this work, the conjugation of self-assembling collagen-like peptides to acrylate functionalized polyethylene glycol units yielded adhesive filler materials activated by visible light through the incorporation of a photosensitizer. When tested in a murine skin wound model, the photoactivated adhesives showed reduced scar formation and promoted epithelial regeneration.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
ISSN: 1944-8252
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An immunolglobulin light chain-like protein composed of an IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION-like peptide (such as light chain like lambda5 peptide) and an IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTANT REGION-like peptide (such as Vpreb1 peptide). Surrogate light chains associate with MU IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS in place of a conventional immunoglobulin light chains to form pre-B cell receptors.

A G-protein-coupled, proteinase-activated receptor that is expressed in a variety of tissues including ENDOTHELIUM; LEUKOCYTES; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. The receptor is activated by TRYPSIN, which cleaves off the N-terminal peptide from the receptor. The new N-terminal peptide is a cryptic ligand for the receptor. The uncleaved receptor can also be activated by the N-terminal peptide present on the activated THROMBIN RECEPTOR and by small synthetic peptides that contain the unmasked N-terminal sequence.

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