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Immune Checkpoint Blockade Mediated by a Small-Molecule Nanoinhibitor Targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 Pathway Synergizes with Photodynamic Therapy to Elicit Antitumor Immunity and Antimetastatic Effects on Breast Cancer.

07:00 EST 8th November 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Immune Checkpoint Blockade Mediated by a Small-Molecule Nanoinhibitor Targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 Pathway Synergizes with Photodynamic Therapy to Elicit Antitumor Immunity and Antimetastatic Effects on Breast Cancer."

Targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunologic checkpoint blockade with monoclonal antibodies has achieved recent clinical success in antitumor therapy. However, therapeutic antibodies exhibit several issues such as limited tumor penetration, immunogenicity, and costly production. Here, Bristol-Myers Squibb nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared using a reprecipitation method. The NPs have advantages including passive targeting, hydrophilic and nontoxic features, and a 100% drug loading rate. BMS-202 is a small-molecule inhibitor of the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction that is developed by BMS. Transfer of BMS-202 NPs to 4T1 tumor-bearing mice results in markedly slower tumor growth to the same degree as treatment with anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody (α-PD-L1). Consistently, the combination of Ce6 NPs with BMS-202 NPs or α-PD-L1 in parallel shows more efficacious antitumor and antimetastatic effects, accompanied by enhanced dendritic cell maturation and infiltration of antigen-specific T cells into the tumors. Thus, inhibition rates of primary and distant tumors reach >90%. In addition, BMS-202 NPs are able to attack spreading metastatic lung tumors and offer immune-memory protection to prevent tumor relapse. These results indicate that BMS-202 NPs possess effects similar to α-PD-L1 in the therapies of 4T1 tumors. Therefore, this work reveals the possibility of replacing the antibody used in immunotherapy for tumors with BMS-202 NPs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
ISSN: 1613-6829
Pages: e1903881

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Part of a MESSENGER RNA molecule that undergoes a conformation change upon binding a specific metabolite or other small molecule thereby regulating the messenger RNA's transcription, post-transcriptional processing, transport, translation, or stability in response to varying levels of the metabolite or other small molecule.

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The body's defense mechanism against foreign organisms or substances and deviant native cells. It includes the humoral immune response and the cell-mediated response and consists of a complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components.

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