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Osteochondral defects of articular cartilage cannot regenerate spontaneously. For its surgical treatment, advancements in cartilage tissue engineering have particularly focused on subchondral bone lesions that tend to delay healing. Therefore, it is important to understand interactions between subchondral bone and chondrocytes. This study aimed to investigate the behavior of chondrogenic ATDC5 cells on oriented hydroxyapatite (HAp) films that mimic bone surfaces. HAp nanoparticles prepared herein were needle-like and plate-like. HAp films were formed through self-organization of the nanoparticles and had 2D structures regularly arrayed with the particles. Both films prominently comprised a-plane orientation surfaces but differed in the degree of hydrophilicity because of the patterns of particle self-assembly. ATDC5 cells cultured on the HAp film with plate-like particles could adhered in a shorter period but could not spread. The adhesive force of cells was weaker with the hydrophilic surface than with other surfaces, as determined using a trypsin-based cell detachment assay. In addition, ATDC5 cells displayed enhanced proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation. Our results suggest that the oriented HAp film formed using plate-like particles provided chondrogenic cells with a desired scaffold as that of subchondral bone to increase cell proliferation and differentiation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A
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Use of a device (film badge) for measuring exposure of individuals to radiation. It is usually made of metal, plastic, or paper and loaded with one or more pieces of x-ray film.
The region in the dorsal ECTODERM of a chordate embryo that gives rise to the future CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Tissue in the neural plate is called the neuroectoderm, often used as a synonym of neural plate.
Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
A film base coated with an emulsion designed for use with x-rays.
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Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine are whole medical systems that did not fit with conventional medicine as they have completely different philosophies and ideas on the causes of disease, methods of diagnosis and approaches to treatment. Although often overlapping, co...