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Correlation of perfusion index with patent ductus arteriosus repercussion in premature newborns.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Correlation of perfusion index with patent ductus arteriosus repercussion in premature newborns."

The ductus arteriosus is a necessary structure in fetal circulation, and its patency can produce hemodynamic alterations. The diagnostic gold standard is echocardiography, not always available. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), they have pulse oximetry that measures perfusion index (PI), which could be used as a diagnostic tool in hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HSPDA).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archivos de cardiologia de Mexico
ISSN: 1665-1731
Pages: 111-117

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.

A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).

A chromosome disorder associated with TRISOMY of all or part of CHROMOSOME 13. Clinical manifestations include CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS (e.g., PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS), facial malformations (e.g., CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; COLOBOMA; MICROPHTHALMIA); HYPOTONIA, digit malformations (e.g., POLYDACTYLY or SYNDACTYLY), and SEIZURES and severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY associated with NERVOUS SYSTEM MALFORMATIONS.

A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.

A condition caused by underdevelopment of the whole left half of the heart. It is characterized by hypoplasia of the left cardiac chambers (HEART ATRIUM; HEART VENTRICLE), the AORTA, the AORTIC VALVE, and the MITRAL VALVE. Severe symptoms appear in early infancy when DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS closes.

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