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Capillary leak syndrome can be severe in children after open-heart surgery which may hinder sternum closure and described as mediastinal tamponade. Reopening the sternum postoperatively may help maintaining hemodynamics and respiratory function. We looked for predictors that indicate the need for reopening the sternum.
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A sternal pin can be used to internally fix the reapproximated sternum after midline sternotomy. This paper will evaluate the effectiveness of using a sternal pin in small children by means of a compu...
A 68-year-old man presented with destruction of his sternum after cardiac surgery. Classical management with multiple debridements, vacuum dressings and antibiotics failed. A replacement of his sternu...
Prolonged ventilation after cardiac surgery affects survival and increases morbidity. Previous studies have focused on predicting this complication preoperatively; however, indicators of poor outcome ...
Postoperative hemorrhage in cardiac surgery is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Standard laboratory tests fail as predictors for bleeding in the surgical setting. The use of viscoelasti...
The aim of this study was to identify hospital-level predictors of increased cost following index adult cardiac operations in a statewide registry.
The outcome predictors for cardiac surgery has been popular for many researchers and clinicians. Determining risk factors before surgery reduce morbidity and mortality after surgery. Some ...
Delirium is a common neurologic complication after cardiac surgery occuring in 30-50% of patients. The occurence of this complication is associated with worse outcomes, including prolonged...
The investigators are conducting this research to compare two different methods of closure of the sternum after cardiac surgery to determine if one method is better than the other. Open he...
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the incidence and the factors that cause a reopening of a macular hole (MH) after a surgical closure.
Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting are at risk for perioperative myocardial ischemia. Episodes of tachycardia and hypertension, which are associated with an increase in my...
A complication of multiple rib fractures, rib and sternum fractures, or thoracic surgery. A portion of the chest wall becomes isolated from the thoracic cage and exhibits paradoxical respiration.
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Plastic surgery of the SCLERA. This procedure is used frequently to prevent blindness and poor vision in patients, especially children, with MYOPIA.
Bars of HYALINE CARTILAGE extending from the anterior ends of the upper RIBS. They attach to the STERNUM directly or indirectly by connecting to upper costal cartilage that attaches to the STERNUM. Costal cartilages extend the ribs anteriorly and contribute to the enhanced elasticity of the THORACIC WALL.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...