Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has excellent soft tissue resolution, as well as multidirectional and multisequence scanning technology, making it an important supplementary method in the diagnosis of testicular tumor.To explore the utility of preoperative MRI for the differential diagnosis of testicular seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs).The medical records from 39 patients with testicular tumors that were examined preoperatively with MRI and treated with urologic surgery at our institution between January 2015 and March 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Testicular tumors were confirmed by pathology and classified as seminoma (n = 20) or NSGCT (n = 19). Two radiologists analyzed the testicular tumors on preoperative MRI for morphology: multiple nodules or a single mass; presence/absence of a capsule; signal compared to the normal contralateral testicle (isointense, hypointense, hyperintense, or mixed); enhancement; septa; and hemorrhagic or cystic degeneration. Characteristics of seminomas and NSGCT were compared using the Chi-square or Fischer exact test.MRI showed that the majority (95%; 19/20) of seminomas were nodular. There were significant differences in the presence/absence of a capsule (P = .001), T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) signal intensity (P = .047), T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) signal intensity (P < .001), septa (P < .001), and hemorrhagic or cystic degeneration (P < .001) between seminomas and NSGCT.Seminomas were more likely to have no capsule, isointensity on T1WI, hypointensity on T2WI, and had narrow obviously enhanced fibrovascular septa without hemorrhagic or cystic degeneration; NSGCT was more likely to have a capsule, a mainly mixed signal on T1WI and T2WI, most of them had no fibrovascular septa, and hemorrhagic or cystic degeneration was common in malignant NSGCT.This study suggests that preoperative MRI can distinguish seminoma from NSGCT. We propose that preoperative MRI of the scrotum is an effective technique that should be widely adopted for the management of scrotal disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
The accurate classification and proper identification of testicular germ cell tumors is imperative for treatment selection and clinical prognosis. Although such distinction can often be achieved by mi...
Testicular germ cell tumor is the most common cancer in 20-to 35-years-old men. There are known risk factors such as undescended testicle(s) and history of testicular cancer. Most lesions are germ cel...
We aimed to assess the relationship between gynecomastia and tumor markers, histologic subtypes, and prognosis in patients with testicular germ cell tumors.
The azygos system is the most important pathway for decompression of the superior vena cava (SVC) when a blood flow obstruction to the right atrium is present. Thoracic and mediastinal malignancies, m...
In men with metastatic germ cell tumors (GCTs), risk-directed treatment is determined, in part, by a distinction between seminoma and nonseminomatous GCT (NSGCT). The importance of NSGCT cell type is ...
RATIONALE: Imaging procedures, such as MRI and CT scan, may find recurrent cancer. It is not yet known which MRI or CT scan schedule is more effective in finding recurrent cancer. PURPOSE...
This phase II trial studies how well retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) works in treating patients with stage I-IIa testicular seminoma. The retroperitoneum is the space in the ...
Assessment of accuracy of sentinel node biopsy, defined as the false negative rate.
RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures may improve a doctor's ability to predict the recurrence of testicular cancer. PURPOSE: Diagnostic trial to detect the risk of recurrent disease in patien...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It ...
A radiosensitive, malignant neoplasm of the testis, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. There are three variants: classical (typical), the most common type; anaplastic; and spermatocytic. The classical seminoma is composed of fairly well differentiated sheets or cords of uniform polygonal or round cells (seminoma cells), each cell having abundant clear cytoplasm, distinct cell membranes, a centrally placed round nucleus, and one or more nucleoli. In the female, a grossly and histologically identical neoplasm, known as dysgerminoma, occurs. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A malignant ovarian neoplasm, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. It is the counterpart of the classical seminoma of the testis, to which it is both grossly and histologically identical. Dysgerminomas comprise 16% of all germ cell tumors but are rare before the age of 10, although nearly 50% occur before the age of 20. They are generally considered of low-grade malignancy but may spread if the tumor extends through its capsule and involves lymph nodes or blood vessels. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1646)
An unusual and aggressive tumor of germ-cell origin that reproduces the extraembryonic structures of the early embryo. It is the most common malignant germ cell tumor found in children. It is characterized by a labyrinthine glandular pattern of flat epithelial cells and rounded papillary processes with a central capillary (Schiller-Duval body). The tumor is rarely bilateral. Before the use of combination chemotherapy, the tumor was almost invariably fatal. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1189)
Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
An orphan nuclear receptor expressed mainly in the GERM CELLS of GONADS. It functions as a transcription factor that binds to a direct repeat of the sequence AGGTCA and may play a role in the regulation of EMBRYOGENESIS and germ cell differentiation.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...