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Bilateral asymmetry has been used in optical coherence tomography tests to find early damage to the optic nerve. However, limited studies have quantitatively evaluated bilateral asymmetry in electrophysiological disorders in patients with glaucoma. The aim of the study was to evaluate bilateral asymmetry in pattern visual evoked potentials (PVEPs) and conventional clinical markers as well as its potential use in detecting glaucomatous impairment. After investigating 60 glaucomatous patients (120 eyes) and 65 age and sex-matched normal control subjects (130 eyes) using uni- and multivariable analysis, we found that vision-related quality of life (VRQOL) impairment was significantly associated with larger bilateral asymmetry index (BAI) of clinical markers. Rasch-calibrated National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 scores were significantly associated with the BAI in PVEPs latency in 15 minutes check size (β = -0.478, 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.708 to -0.248, P < .001) and the BAI in visual field mean deviation (β = -0.249, 95% CI, -0.454 to -0.044, P = .018) according to multivariable analysis. Bilateral asymmetry in objective and subjective functional measurements was quantitatively associated with glaucomatous VRQOL impairment. This finding may help bridge the gap in understanding between patients and clinicians, and increase awareness of how glaucomatous neuropathic progression may interfere with patients' daily life.
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Partial or complete loss of vision in one half of the visual field(s) of one or both eyes. Subtypes include altitudinal hemianopsia, characterized by a visual defect above or below the horizontal meridian of the visual field. Homonymous hemianopsia refers to a visual defect that affects both eyes equally, and occurs either to the left or right of the midline of the visual field. Binasal hemianopsia consists of loss of vision in the nasal hemifields of both eyes. Bitemporal hemianopsia is the bilateral loss of vision in the temporal fields. Quadrantanopsia refers to loss of vision in one quarter of the visual field in one or both eyes.
Congenital or acquired asymmetry of the face.
Vision considered to be inferior to normal vision as represented by accepted standards of acuity, field of vision, or motility. Low vision generally refers to visual disorders that are caused by diseases that cannot be corrected by refraction (e.g., MACULAR DEGENERATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, etc.).
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...