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Radioiodine refractory (RAIR) is the major cause of thyroid cancer-related death. In order to avoid needless Radioiodine (RAI) therapy, recognizing the RAIR cases in time is important for the patients to obtain more time for the effective therapy.Evaluate the ultrasound features of cervical metastatic lymph node in patients with RAIR differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).Seventeen adult patients with histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic RAIR-DTC were prospectively enrolled. The ultrasound (US) characteristics of cervical lesions in patients with the RAIR-DTC were compared with cervical lymph node metastasis from 59 non RAIR-DTC cases.Among the 17 patients, cervical lymph node metastasis was found in 15 patients (88.3%). The cervical lesions of RAIR-DTC (mean size, 2.0 cm) were larger than that in non RAIR-DTC group (mean size, 1.30 cm). More multiple lesions and more lesions with visible flow were found in the RAIR Group, while fewer hyperechogenic punctuations were found in RAIR group (P < .05). The distant metastasis rates showed that RAIR-DTC led to a poorer prognosis than those of patients in the non RAIR Group (P < .01).Ultrasound can help distinguish metastasized cervical lymph nodes of RAIR-DTC patients from non RAIR-DTC patients. For RAIR-DTC patients, a long-term US evaluation should be performed.
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Multitarget kinase inhibitors (m-TKI), including lenvatinib, are now available as treatment options for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (RR-DTC). However, the optimal timing of tr...
The use of a pessary proved to prevent preterm birth in asymptomatic women with mid-trimester short cervical length (CL); however, the precise mechanisms by which the pessary confers its benefit remai...
Measurement of cervical length by ultrasound is predictive of preterm birth (PTB). There are three methods of ultrasound cervical assessment: transvaginal (TVU), transabdominal (TAU), and transperinea...
The breast undergoes extensive physiologic changes during pregnancy/lactation. We aimed to review the ultrasound (US) imaging characteristics of breast lesions during pregnancy/lactation and to demons...
Age range for cervical screening varies widely between countries. In addition, sexual behavior has changed, life expectancy is increasing, and new insights have been gained into the pathogenesis of HP...
This research trial studies carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA-IX), p16, proliferative markers, and human papilloma virus (HPV) in diagnosing cervical lesions in patients with abnormal cervical cell...
This phase II trial studies how well encorafenib and binimetinib given with or without nivolumab works in treating patients with BRAF V600 mutation positive thyroid cancer that has spread ...
The primary purpose of this study is to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of participants with radioiodine (131 I)-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and radiographic...
The purpose is to investigate and evaluate two new diagnostic methods using ultrasound in the staging of cervical cancer. 1. 3-D-ultrasound of the tumour to estimate its volume and loca...
This study will establish the feasibility and accuracy of localising and outlining the uterus on ultrasound images using both healthy volunteer and cervical patient cohorts. This will enab...
A cytological test finding often from PAP SMEARS that shows abnormal lesions of SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS of the CERVIX. It is a diagnostic criterion used in the Bethesda System for UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS and represents the PAP TEST result that is abnormal. Although squamous intraepithelial lesions test result does not mean UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS it requires follow-ups (e.g., HPV DNA TESTS; and COLPOSCOPY).
Chronic refractory anemia with granulocytopenia, and/or thrombocytopenia. Myeloblasts and progranulocytes constitute 5 to 40 percent of the nucleated marrow cells.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.
A malabsorption syndrome characterized by collagenous mucosal lesions of the SMALL INTESTINE, atrophy of MICROVILLI, severe malabsorption, diarrhea, and MALNUTRITION often refractory to a gluten-free diet.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...